• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Outline and evaluate one theory of the formation of romantic relationships. (4+8 marks)

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

´╗┐Outline and evaluate one theory of the formation of romantic relationships. (4+8 marks) Jan ?13 One of the theories that helps explain why some people choose one person over the other or some relationships just don?t work is the ?Filter Model? (FM) which was proposed by Kerchoff and Davis in 1962. The FM argues that relationships develop through 3 filters, so therefore, different factors are important at different times. There are many potential partners but slowly we narrow them down to potential partners that we could realistically form a romantic relationship with, through the process of filtering. The first filter looks at demographic or social variables. So we discard those people who we will never come into contact during our lives. Therefore this leaves us with the people who we tend to mix with: go to school/ work, live in the same area or do the same activities or sports. As we can?t meet everyone in the world, billions are automatically filtered out as it would be impossible to establish a relationship with them. The second filter is that of ?Similarities of Attitudes and Values?. If couples share ideas, values and beliefs then communication will be easy but if they don?t then they would hardly have anything to talk about, so their relationship wouldn?t be able to progress. ...read more.

Middle

By explaining relationship formation in stages it fails to capture their fluid and dynamic nature. Some relationships flow at a slower or faster rate than the model suggest. It may not take a couple 18 months for the third filter to become most important and the evidence suggests. Alongside to this, the FM doesn?t account for individual differences as it has only dealt with similarities of personality and attitudes. There are some couples who have nothing in common but their relationship is as strong as others who have everything in common. Sometimes it?s better to have fewer things in common than everything because couples can get bored of each other when everything they do is the same. Lastly, the FM is too reductionist as they have put complex terms such as the formation of relationships and deconstructed them into 3 filters. There are many other factors which will cause a relationship to form. Their personality isn?t all that is considered, women will seek for economic security at an early stage to ensure they will have financial support whilst bringing up their children. Men on the other hand will look for physical attractiveness and women who are young, which indicated they are healthy and fertile. Discuss research into the influence of childhood experiences on adult relationships (4+8 marks) ...read more.

Conclusion

However there is contradictory evidence that fails to confirm a link between early attachment experiences and later adult relationships. Zimmerman (2000) found that children attachment types didn?t predict adult attachment type. Events such as parental divorce or illness, i.e. life changing events had much more of an influence on later security. This was confirmed by Hamilton (1994) who found that children could move from being classed as secure to insecure when a major life changing event occurs. Many other studies also show that people who experienced parental divorce during childhood have more negative attitudes towards relationships than those who didn?t experience this. Silvestri (1991) found that having divorced parents significantly increases an individual?s chances of getting divorced themselves. Johnston and Thomas (1996) suggested that this could be because individuals model their adult relationship on their parents. Due to this psychologists have come up with other possible alternative explanations for the continuity between childhood attachment and later attachments. Some researchers have suggested that children may learn relationship skills from their parents, i.e. Social Learning Theory (SLT). Children will observe their parent?s behaviour and will then imitate it. If the father cheats on the mother and causes a divorce then the mother will be hurt, the child will see her through this pain, causing her not to trust men in relationships. This in turn means that their relationships will be shorter and therefore will become insecurely attached in their adult attachment type whereas with their main caregiver they will be securely attached. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Social Psychology section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Social Psychology essays

  1. Relationship formation

    Walster et al (1966) tested the matching hypothesis in a dance study. In this study, 752 first-year undergraduates at the University of Minnesota were invited to attend a 'get acquainted' dance. They believe they had been 'matched' with their 'date' when in fact they were randomly assigned with partners.

  2. The formation of relationships.

    The greater the similarity in attitudes between the real and bogus questionnaires, the more the participants thought they might like the strangers. These studies of course, don't reflect how 'real life' relationships are formed. They lack ecological validity, even though they appear to be significant to some extent.

  1. Persuasion Theory.

    The four principles are: 1. Selective Exposure 2. Audience participation 3. Inoculation 4. Magnitude of Change Other factors which come into play include the length of time an attitude has been formed, how it was formed (i.e., was it from second-hand information, or by direct experience?).

  2. AS Communication Studies Presentation

    In this fashion, audience members will know what the comments are relating to. Slide 8: The image (source: http://jeffreykishner.com/images/angelina-jolie-376x490.jpg) 'curves up' from the right, glamorising and hailing her apparent success, as the slide temporarily pays homage to the actress Angelina Jolie.

  1. Outline and evaluate the influence of childhood and/or adolescent experiences on later adult relationships. ...

    Insecure avoidant people (25%) were more likely to find it difficult to trust people and were doubtful about the existence of love. Insecure ambivalent people (19%) found it hard to get others as close to them as they wanted because they experience emotional extremes of jealousy and passion as well as wanting to merge with their partner.

  2. Describe and evaluate two or more theories of the formation of romantic relationships. (24 ...

    relationship where one partner has to complement the other?s needs for the relationship to advance. In addition to this, by explaining relationship formation in stages it fails to capture their fluid and dynamic nature. Some relationships flow at a slower or faster rate than the model suggests.

  1. AQA A2 Psychology Unit 3 Relationships: The Formation, Maintenance And Breakdown of Romantic Relationships ...

    * It could be argued that the theory is too deterministic in that it suggests that we have little or no actual control over our relationships. Social exchange theory (Homans, 1974): * We consider the actual and potential past, present and future rewards and costs before deciding whether or not a relationship is likely to be profitable (i.e.

  2. Describe and evaluate two or more theories of the formation of romantic relationships

    For example, they could use this model as guidance in order to choose the right type of people they could start a relationship with. However, it could be argued that Kerckhoff and Davis? model is rather deterministic. For example, it is deterministic in the sense that it suggests that people

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work