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Provide a clear description of a chosen behaviour presented by clients in a particular health and social care setting.

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Introduction

Unit 16 Health Psychology E1. Provide a clear description of a chosen behaviour presented by clients in a particular health and social care setting. Gender: Male Age: 14 years Social background: Matthew's from a single parent family. He is the oldest of four children with three younger sisters and is the only male in the house. The family have no religion and have an English background. Matthews's father left when he was 7 years, the father was very abusive and violent towards Matthew's mother and the family have had on contact with their father. Since his father left Matthew has been very upset and has shown resentment towards his mother and shown patterns of copying his father's behaviour. The family are very poor since their father left and have lived on benefits since. Psychological makeup: 1. Bowlby's (1966) theory of attachment. According to the theory of attachment, 'deprivation of mother love in early childhood can have far-reaching determinal effects on the development of personality' Bowlby's theory of separation 2. Berkowitz theory of aggression 'some kind of behaviour either physical or symbolic carried out with the intention to harm someone' Incidence: When Matthew was in class doing group activities with other students in the class, they were asked to describe there family, when Matthew was describing his father, another boy in his group said Matthew never had a father and other members in the group laughed he became aggressive and abusive which resulted in Matthew hitting the boy and shouting in the class and other group members. Matthew was then sent out by his teacher where he stormed out shouting. Rate of occurrence: Matthew would be abusive towards his family on a regular basis, he would occasionally use violence and aggression toward his mother. At school Matthew underachieves in class and has regular special needs as he finds school difficult, but he generally get on well with his teachers and other students and can be very polite in class. ...read more.

Middle

This makes children feel powerless, disregarded and angry. Where as Matthew has become very aggressive towards his mother because of his father leaving. Divorce has a far greater negative effect on the child's school work then the death of a parent. As a result of these factors, the relationship between the child and the custodial parent is bound to suffer. Mothers become more authoritarian, increasing the number of demands and restrictions and becoming less affectionate. The children (especially boys) become more aggressive and inflexible. Berkowits aggression relates to Matthew as he has show violence towards his mother, which his father display to his mother in front of him before he left. Berkowits describes aggression as 'behaviour which is physical or symbolic, that is carried out with the intention to harm someone'. He reserves the term violence for an extreme form of aggression, a deliberate attempt to do serious injury. Freud sees aggression as instinctive, with aggression energy needing to be released regularly if it is not to built up to dangerous levels. The frustration-aggression hypothesis see instinctive and learned reactions as involved, while the social learning approach deindividuation emphasize cognitive aspects of learning from others behaviour and the influence of others on the individual behaviour respectively. Berkowits aggressive-cue theory is bases on the fact that aggressive or violent behaviour is at least partly a reaction to specific features of the surrounding situation which 'pull out' responses that heighten the strength of the behaviour. This happens when the aggressive meaning for the aggressor and or when they some how remind the aggressor of decidedly unpleasant experiences; this is the aggressive-cue theory. This theory will relate to Matthew as when he's reminded of his fathers aggressive behaviour towards his mother he then becomes aggressive himself and uses violence in the same way as his father. Justification of theory: I chose to apply these theories because it supports the behaviour that I am applying them to. ...read more.

Conclusion

carried out so they were unaware why I was there, although the teachers and the school knew as I was given permission. I was not asked any questions by the students. This may have been because I was out of there eye view at the back of the class room. When carrying out the interviews Matthews teacher was very helpful answering questions fully and tying to include as much information as possible. However was restricted in answering some questions due to the schools confidentially policy. Matthew's mother was less helpful as she did not answer questions fully only giving one word answers in some questions. I also felt like she was holding back on some of the questions she was answering and did not want to open up. This made it hard for me to gain any information of Matthew's home life. Objective 1. Fulfil the research as part of my unit 16 AVCE health and social care course. 2. Apply psychological theory in human behaviour. 3. Understand human behaviour in care settings. Limitations of research: The main limitation of the research was gaining access to the school and to observe Matthew in his class this only gave me one option in carrying out the observation, as I could only observe for one of his lessons so the time was also limited. Finance was also another limitation as the research had to be very cheap to carry out swot her for the research had to be kept simple. How effective application of theory has been: I found that when observing Matthews teacher did not have much knowledge of the social learning or the psychoanalytical. The only theory that was used was the social learning theory in applying positive reinforcement to Matthew. This really helped Matthew as he liked the attention and seemed to benefit a lot from this as he was more interested in the work as he wanted the positive reinforcement from his teacher which was therefore correcting his behaviour. 1 Marie Gillespie ...read more.

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