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Sleep disorder - 'Insomnia'.

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Sleep Disorder Athakarn Chongsathien University College Sedaya International Abstract In this assignment I would like to introduce a type of sleep disorder called 'Insomnia'. It defines, as the chronic inability to sleep, Insomnia is a very common condition, with many types of sleep disorders, and disturbed sleep patterns, such as difficulty in falling asleep, and will awaken soon after falling asleep. I also include the three major factors that cause insomnia. They are biological factor, sociocultural factor and cognitive factor. The example of my friend, Annie is elaborated in the following pages in order to show as the example. As well as the treatment that would help Annie recovers from insomnia. Sleep Disorder In order to know what sleep disorder is we should first have some knowledge about sleep. What is sleep? Many of us would think that sleep is only when we rest our bodies and minds by being in the stage of unconscious. But it is not only that, actually sleep is not an unconscious experience, but a complex combination of conscious and unconscious awareness. During sleep, we usually pass through five phases of sleep: stages 1, 2, 3, 4, and REM (rapid eye movement) sleep. These stages progress in a cycle from stage 1 to REM sleep, then the cycle starts over again with stage 1. Each person needs different amount of sleep, it depends on various factors, including age. Different ages require different amount of sleep. ...read more.


Some nights she didn't even bother to go to bed. This is due to her habit of sleeping in the day time since she was exhausted in the day time, sometimes she even had car accidents while driving to school and driving back home, as she felt sleepy when she was driving. The habit of sleeping in the day time began last year when she started to work as a night shift receptionist in a hotel during summer vocation. The manager of the hotel was so strict that made her so worry about her performance at work. Sometimes she was scolded by the manager and she would call me for consolation. She worked there around four months. During those four months she had a tough time and always slept in the morning, for about three to four hours a day. When our class resumed Annie still could not change herself back to the normal activities, she fell as sleep in the class and could not sleep at night. She was so worried about not sleeping at night, so she began to do other activities like played computer, exercised, watched TV and getting herself a big meal during the night in her bedroom. It was because of this she started to take sleeping pill. Since she slept in the class, her studies became poorer so she became stressful all the time. Everyone was so worried about her and kept telling her that if she continued taking sleeping pills it would give her side effect. ...read more.


Annie should tries to do some exercise during the day because exercise will help her relax and relief the stress from her mind. She should drink a cup of warm milk before sleep which will help her get a good sleep. Additionally, there are some behavioral techniques that would suit Annie's case such as relaxation therapy, sleep restriction and reconditioning. Relaxation therapy consists of techniques that help reduce or eliminate anxiety and body tension. Sleep restriction is a technique that starts with a person only allowed to get a few hours sleep a night; over time the hours of sleep are increased until a more normal night's sleep is achieved. Another treatment that may help some people with insomnia is to recondition them (reconditioning) to associate the bed and bedtime with sleep. For most people this means not using their beds for any activities other than sleep and sex. There is also a treatment with medication but I would not recommend for anyone to take up. Summary As from now I already explained the important information about sleep disorder and also the factors which I have classified into three major factors. They are biological, cognitive and sociocultural. It is because of my friend Annie that inspires me to do this assignment about insomnia. Since she is suffered from it and I want to find out what are the factors that affect her and also the treatment that would be able to recover her position. There are quite numbers of treatments that suit Annie such as relaxation therapy, sleep restriction and reconditioning. ...read more.

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