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So in conclusion this study has shown that there is a preferred method of encoding when using recall as the testing method. Although the hypothesis was not correct the aim was still achieved as it was found that visual encoding is preferred to acoustic.

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Introduction

DISCUSSION Explanation of the findings From the results it can be clearly seen that the participants performed significantly better on the visual test than the audio test. The descriptive data showed that participants in the visual test scored on average 16 however those in the audio test scored only 12 on average which highlights the clear differences between the groups. From the inferential data it can be seen that the results are significant at the 0.005 level which shows that these results are very significant and not just down to chance. This disproves the original hypothesis where it was predicted that participants would perform better on the audio test. This therefore suggests that visual encoding is the preferred method of encoding in short term memory rather than audio. However the original aim was achieved as the preferred method of encoding was found and as the results were significant at such strict levels it suggests that these results do actually mean something and are not just down to chance. Relationship to background research The results from this experiment have shown that visual encoding is preferred to audio encoding. ...read more.

Middle

This means that the majority of the sample could all be doing a subject such as art where memory is used in smaller amounts and so therefore these people have less practice at memorising things than the other students in the 6th form. This could then mean that the results we found were only typical of people doing art in the 6th form. In order to improve this a completely random sample could have been used as this takes into account everyone and so would be a fairer method of sampling. The problem with this method is that it takes time to do and as there was a very limited time to collect data for this experiment it would not have been practical. Another limitation of this experiment was treatments of each of the participants. Although standardised procedures were given to each participant to prevent experimenter bias the location in which they were tested was different every time. The results were collected from either the 6th form common room or the library and the variation in these locations may have affected the results for example the library is generally quieter than the common room so the noise levels could have had an influence. ...read more.

Conclusion

This could help with revision for exams as if people can represent their work visually or use visual reminders such as highlighting then they may be able to recall the work much more effectively. This may allow the students to achieve higher grades in their exams which will help them go on to higher education and in the rest of their life. Further research could be done into this area to see if the background noise that was present in the common room does affect the recall ability of participants. This could be done by using two rooms but giving both sets of participants the same recall test. It would also be interesting to see if noise levels have a different affect on any different styles of encoding. Another piece of research into this area could be to look at the same aspect again but this time to test the same participants in each situation rather than have different participants in each group. Conclusion So in conclusion this study has shown that there is a preferred method of encoding when using recall as the testing method. Although the hypothesis was not correct the aim was still achieved as it was found that visual encoding is preferred to acoustic. ...read more.

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