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Source A is a memoir written by Elizabeth Makinson, who finished her teaching career in Bradford 1913. A memoir is a collection of memories based on a certain theme.

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Introduction

GCSE History-Assignment 2 Question 1 Source A is a memoir written by Elizabeth Makinson, who finished her teaching career in Bradford 1913. A memoir is a collection of memories based on a certain theme. This source would have come into existence, because Elizabeth will have reached a certain age and would want to review her childhood experiences and her early teaching career. Elizabeth's memories are based on her education in a Board School called Belle Vue, and her early teaching career in Drummond Road, which was another Board School. Bell Vue was mainly for lower middle class children, as rich upper class children would have Governesses or would go to College. This particular school was on Manningham Lane, which at the time was a very desirable place to live. The education wasn't free, as the children would pay 6 pence per week. This wasn't considered expensive as the children would receive a high standard of education. They would learn a wide range of subjects, these were Arithmetic, Euclid (Greek), Geography, History, Drawing and Painting, Songs, Tonic Solfa (Singing in Ranges), English Literature, Physiography, Physiology, Cookery and Domestic Science, French, Elementary science, Practical and Theatrical Chemistry. This school was well funded as there was expensive equipment including Bunsen Burners, Crucibles, Test tubes, Retorts, Beakers and Small, Brass Balances. The school was funded for gym kits and other gym equipment such as climbing frames, vaulting horse, parallel bars, ropes and dumb-bells. The Headmistress Miss S.L. Beszant would take the children on school outings to the Bradford Destructor, Esholt Sewage works, and to the Theatre Royal to see the matinee showing of Romeo and Juliet, featuring the famous actress, Ellen Terry. In the next paragraph of the memoir she describes the school where she worked called Drummond Road Board School in the infants department in 1900. She received a place in this school when she passed the Teachers Entrance Examination. ...read more.

Middle

I can tell from this section of source G alone that parents had varied opinions in the late nineteenth century. The second section of this source consists of two parts taken from Westgate Board School logbook in Otley. One was written on the 9th of January in 1883 and one was written the day after on the 10th January in 1883. These extracts do not emphasis any solid references to different parental attitudes; therefore all I can assume is that the family and the environment in which they were raised were not disciplined in the least. Source H is a Truants School and Farm Report by Jonathan Taylor written in 1884, who was a member of the Sheffield School Board. It is suggested that the parents would encourage their children to truant; therefore this has caused these children to be committed to a special truants school. I can see from this source that some of the parents did not value education at that time and did not discipline their children and encourage them to attend school everyday. As an overall result of this, I can see that there were many different parental attitudes to school discipline, as shown by sources H and G. Source H shows that parents would encourage their children to truant; therefore it was not the children's own doing. The overall outcome was that some parents did not value school discipline in the late nineteenth century, because source G suggests that some parents appreciated school beatings, but others did not allow the school to discipline their child. The fact that corporal punishment had to be used in the first place implies, that there was a lack of discipline on the parent's behalf. Question 6 I agree with the statement "The 1870 Education Act had limited impact on the education of the working classes in Yorkshire", because there were many problems before the Act was passed, which were not addressed and even after the Mundella's Act of 1880 and the Free schooling Act of 1891 some of these problems still existed. ...read more.

Conclusion

If every teacher in Drummond Road Board School qualified in this manner it clearly suggests that the standard of education would have been inadequate. The lessons in schools did not vary much after the Act as the three R's were still in function, but some Board Schools put forward other subjects, such as, Transcription and Dictation, which is clearly shown in the timetable in Source E. The Revised Code of 1862 (Payment by Results) continued to be in use after the Act in some Board Schools, as Source C says that the Leeds Board School still required most children under the age of seven to take examinations in the Three R's in 1892, twelve years after the 1870's Act was passed. In conclusion my overall view is that the 1870's Education Act did have limited impact on the working classes in Yorkshire, because prior to the 1870 there were many weaknesses in Education, which were the students poor health and diet, which in turn led to an increased lack of attendance, the quality of teaching and learning was at a fairly low standard in some deprived areas, there was a major shortage of schools, especially in rural areas, discipline was fairly ineffective in some cases and some parents disapproved. The 1870's Act only addressed one of these problems, which was the shortage of schools; therefore the other negative aspects still existed. It was not until the Mundella's Act was passed in 1880 that attendance became less of a problem as it became compulsory (children had to attend school by law). Also in 1891 the Free Schooling Act was passed which allowed parents to demand free education, which will have helped, as the parents would not have been more reluctant to send their children to school. Even though the 1870's Education Act, the Mundella's Act and the Free Schooling Act solved most of the major issues Education within the space of twenty years, there is room for improvement in the Educational System even to the present day. ...read more.

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