• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

THE HISTORICAL DEVELOPMENT OF PSYCHOLOGY

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

THE HISTORICAL DEVELOPMENT OF PSYCHOLOGY I am going to be looking at the history of psychology, and by using a few examples try to explain some of the theories that leading psychologists and scientist have concluded in their experiments and scientific studies. Psychology is in fact the study of the mind, how it works and what effect it has upon an individuals thoughts and general functions, the processes of the mind will never be fully understood but there has been a great breakthrough over many years, although the mind has many parts in which we will never truly understand. The first example I am going to look at is behaviourism, Wittgenstein(1889-1951) believes what is in the mind as "over and above behaviour" He believes that if everyone were to have a box which held a beetle and only they were allowed to look in their own box, people will talk about their boxes and perceive them to stand for a beetle as that is how they associate their boxes, he believes the boxes are like the mind, everyone has one, they are alike ...read more.

Middle

are, ID stage, he believes this is our unconscious impulse to seek instant gratification, in a way our selfishness and need for attention from others, this is also known as the Pleasure Principle, there is then the Ego Freud's reality principle, which is the mediator between the Id and reality what we want and what we have, then the Super ego which suppresses the Id and the Ego, its known as the Guilt principle which is part of our mind that makes us feel guilty for selfish acts. Freud concludes it as the conflict theory: ID= I want biological- instinct, EGO = I can psychological- intelligence, Superego = I ought social/moral - institutional v individual. Freud also believes that from birth we go through Psych Sexual stages which are Oral (birth) the stage at which you start suckling, Anal (2-3) this is associated with the fascination with faeces potty training stage, Genital/phallatic (3-4) where children have a fascination with their genitals, Latenency/forgettfull (5yrs to puberty) ...read more.

Conclusion

own achievements, and finally the fifth stage Self actualization needs, the feeling of fulfilment in life, reaching your goals and being happy with your life as a whole. Although people will argue the final stage because no one can ever really reach it, after all no matter what you achieve in life there is always something else a person will strive for as this is human instinct because no matter what you have they'll always be something bigger and better you will want as well. Maslow said "that the needs must be satisfied in the given order". This study gave people a further understanding into the psychological needs of a person and their minds in order to survive. So as you can see from looking at a few examples of psychology and its history it is a fascinating world of what really goes on in peoples minds, in fact the mind is a mysterious place in which no one will ever truly understand but will continue to study. The mind is the key to our existence and without its functions we could not survive. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Developmental Psychology section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Here's what a teacher thought of this essay

4 star(s)

****
This is a reasonably clear exploration of the history of psychology. A clearer timeline would help to explain where psychology originated from and where it is going. My main criticism is a lack of clarity in explaining some complex issues and a need to improve the flow of the piece.

Marked by teacher Matthew Smithen 29/05/2013

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Developmental Psychology essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    Behaviourist Perspective

    3 star(s)

    * After the time is passed, the current is switched back on; the rat learns to press the lever as soon as the current, which is switched on. 2.Avoidance * The buzzer sounds before the electric current is switched on.

  2. Marked by a teacher

    The five major perspectives in Psychology and their main strengths and weaknesses.

    3 star(s)

    The methods that are used when abnormal behaviour is seen are through different treatments, such as: * Systematic Dissertation - Where a stimulus is provided that will give a pleasant response. * Aversion Therapy - A stimulus is provided that will give a fearful response.

  1. Marked by a teacher

    Outline the major theoretical perspectives in psychology and evaluate two of these paridigms.

    3 star(s)

    Last is the formal operational stage where the child develops abstract thought and is able to demonstrate deductive reasoning.

  2. Describe processes for initiating, maintaining, developing and concluding a counselling relation.

    A client can also request to be referred. The client may not like their counsellor, or they may feel that the counsellor is not doing enough for them. P6- Describe the organisations to which referrals may be made In this part of the assignment I will look at four different organisations which clients can be referred to.

  1. Factors that Affect Growth and Development.

    Intellectual Development No dramatic changes take place in intellectual functions during adolescence. The ability to understand complex problems develops gradually. The French psychologist Jean Piaget determined that adolescence is the beginning of the stage of formal operational thought. Piaget assumed that this stage occurs among all people regardless of educational or related experiences.

  2. Explain the principal psychological perspectives as applied to the understanding of the development of ...

    At this stage she is lacking the imagination to cooperate with others. If the mother does not allow her to take initiative then she will feel guilty for her attempts at independence. She may also be in the industry versus inferiority stage.

  1. Discuss the effects of parenting style on children's development.

    However, they scored low on respect and responsibility, underachieve academically, and have a lot of problem behaviour. Children raised by dominating parents are somewhat the opposite. They tend to have low self-esteem and confidence and a lot of anxiety and depression.

  2. discuss freud's psychodynamic theory and compare and contrast to the humanistic theory

    This is resolved by the boy identifying with his father and trying to copy him and this is when the super ego is formed. In girls the equivalent is the Electra conflict which derives from unconscious penis envy and results in the girl coming to identify with her mother and adopt her moral standards.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work