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This essay is about the working conditions for children during the 19th century particularly in 1930s, 40s and 50s.

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Introduction

This essay is about the working conditions for children during the 19th century particularly in 1930s, 40s and 50s. The resources I used for this essay was a video called 'Suffer The Children' this video contained violent and some disturbing pictures towards conditions children were forced to work in. The Royal Commissions later investigated these conditions. The Royal Commissions were a group of men part of the government who interviewed many children working in mills, mines, factories and farms. They were surprised with the poor conditions these children young as 6 worked in, and the surroundings they were forced to work in. The Royal Commissions chose to search for this information because if they had not this would later cause problems like strikes and revolutions between groups of people. Immorality and vice was a major problem between young girls. Older men would use and abuse these girls, this is why the Royal Commissions decided to act towards it and they brought out new laws to prevent child abuse and poverty. The Royal Commissions started their investigations; this influenced many changes in the industrial revolution. On June 1st 1832 The Royal Commissions interviewed Charlie Burns, he was an example of a mill worker in a textiles factory 'Bobbin Doffer'. ...read more.

Middle

The Gang Leaders abused children and often girls became pregnant by the leaders. Coalmines were dangerous areas where children died. For example Jane Moffat age 12 and John Otterson age 9 were two children who worked in coalmines. They worked in dark, damp and dirty conditions. They were given no food and stayed underneath the mines all day with rats surrounding them. They worked up to 12 hours a day and were often smacked and beaten up. Ann Ambler age 13 worked in a pit she faced some different problems. Ann was treated badly; men physically and sexually abused her. These children's parents often knew what their children were going through during the day but they did not act towards it, they believed that if they did not work there would be no money and they all would suffer and die of hunger. Conditions for children in London were also bad. Mudlarks were people who lived near rivers and lakes they searched and collected items such as copper, wood, nails, cloths anything that they thought looked valuable. It was a struggle because often you would not always find valuable items. In 1851 Henry Mayhem published a report, 'London Labour and London Poor' this gave details on conditions on how girls and women were forced into prostitution for extra money. ...read more.

Conclusion

In my opinion these laws did not go far enough because many children were still forced to work in poor conditions, this was not fair. I also think that it was wrong for factory owners not to allow reporters to inspect their factories as that proves that they have something to hide, this could be that they were still employing children to work and increasing the amount of time they worked in the poor conditions. Factory owners could still have been forcing children to work. Overall in this essay I have discussed the main points and arguments that were caused during the 19th century about the conditions and working environments children worked in. The acts during that period of time are very different compared to laws at the moment. During that particular period it was compulsory that children worked, now in 21st century it is against the law for children under the age of 16 to work, I think that people's morals have changed over time compared to our beliefs in right and wrong because I think that people opinions have changed and there are other alternative ways for dealing with problems, which could include wealth, for example young girls and women are not forced into prostitution. I think these laws change because people become to realise the children are the future therefore the government are trying to educate our children. Poonam Patel 9/4 ...read more.

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