• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Why did the British Government decide to evacuate children from Britain's major cities in the early years of World War 2?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Why did the British Government decide to evacuate children from Britain's major cities in the early years of World War 2? Evacuation was the mass departure of people from danger zones e.g. London, Sheffield, Yorkshire, Kent and many more in and operation named Pied Piper nick named so because of the tale of the pied piper leading all the children away. The evacuee's, the people being removed form potential harm, were children, expectant mothers and old and ill people, the people who would not be able to fend for themselves. The British Government would want these people evacuated as soon as possible to reduce the number of fatalities likely to occur, thus keeping the moral and work standard of the civilians involved in the war effort high. The Government realized after WW1 that women were an invaluable source in wartime; they also knew that they had to save the children as they would help the moral of the workforce and were the future of Britain. ...read more.

Middle

bombers was large balloon ships that went slow and were very large which is why they were so disturbed at the rate of increasing aircraft technology in the years preceding WW2. More important than this though, to the government at least, were the social causes for evacuation. If the children were gone this would free up many more key workers essential to the war effort. The government realized in WW1 that one of the vital reasons for Britain winning the war was the input the women gave in doing their 'bit for the boys' by working in the munitions factories and alike. With all the men gone off fighting there was no one left to make the weapons that are needed in a war, so this responsibility was taken by the women who wanted to do their bit for their country to help the war effort and make their family proud. With the mothers kids gone she would work a lot better for several reasons, they wouldn't be worrying about their children they knew they were safe and away form bombings, and they didn't have ...read more.

Conclusion

Although all of these reasons for evacuation were perfectly reasonable, there is one more that I feel was a much more important reason for the early evacuation. Even in WW1 countries were developing all different kinds of technology at a disturbing rate like in the arms and naval race. The development of aircraft technology was one step further. In WW1 they only had big airships called zeppelins, and only about 20 years later they have aircraft so good it can travel a much longer distance in a shorter time and carry more bombs, the rate of advancement frightened the government to no end, especially after the events in Guernica. The Germans had just finished completion on a new type of aircraft and was later quoted to have said that Guernica was just a practice. The devastation there was total, someone was quoted as saying "by 7p.m there was no Guernica" This is a prime example of why the new aircraft technology frightened the Government so. Ellen Funston History Coursework 11W - 1 - ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Developmental Psychology section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Developmental Psychology essays

  1. What causes crime?

    It does however explain moral reasoning so it can be considered as complementary to any other theories. Yochelson and Samenow's theory does not account for impulsive crimes, nor has it established that thinking errors do not occur in the non-criminal population as there was no control group.

  2. The idea for my coursework is the potential changing aspirations of teenage girls in ...

    My reasons for choosing these methods are as follows: From handing out questionnaires I can use a variety of questions, covering topics such as marriage, careers and family. I can use a selection of open and closed questions. I doubt there would be a problem with respondents feeling uneasy about

  1. Why did the British government decide to evacuate children from Britain's major cities in ...

    this time with the threat real, the British government had to act. Another reason as to why the British government evacuated children from major cities was the fact that, with children being of no use in terms of contribution towards the war effort, keeping children in these cities would have

  2. how children in different parts of the world travel to school

    of my work is weak in certain areas or perhaps if I need more information than I have already obtained previously in order to support my hypothesis. Why I think my Hypothesis is True I think that it is easier for children in England to travel to school than for children in South Africa.

  1. Why did the British government try to evacuate children from Britain's major cities in ...

    And the city people saw the country children as stuck up and spoilt. However some children enjoyed country life, such as the boy from "Goodnight Mr Tom" where he escaped the brutality and abuse from his mother in the city to go and live in the country where he was happy.

  2. Why did the Government decide to evacuate children in Britain's major cities in the ...

    The evacuation process was very well organised. The children were usually evacuated with their schools and their teacher to designated areas. Sources A and B suport thr fact that it was well organised.

  1. In response to growing tension and technological advances in war, the British government set ...

    Upon the initial evacuation of the 30th of September, the government did not pair evacuated schools with similar local schools to which they could share classes.(Gosden,16) Poor planning on the part of the government led to turmoil at the schools destination point, where only then would classes be paired up, and school buildings shared.

  2. Why did the British Government decide to evacuate children from Britain's major cities in ...

    and following up the attack, and cutting off any reinforcements that might arrive. These were highly successful, until they forced the enemy to surrender. They would use these tactics to devastate cities and the enemy. The British Government also knew that the German bombers had become very advanced, and compared

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work