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Why did the British Government decide to evacuate children from Britain's major cities in the early years of World War 2?

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Why did the British Government decide to evacuate children from Britain's major cities in the early years of World War 2? Evacuation was the mass departure of people from danger zones e.g. London, Sheffield, Yorkshire, Kent and many more in and operation named Pied Piper nick named so because of the tale of the pied piper leading all the children away. The evacuee's, the people being removed form potential harm, were children, expectant mothers and old and ill people, the people who would not be able to fend for themselves. The British Government would want these people evacuated as soon as possible to reduce the number of fatalities likely to occur, thus keeping the moral and work standard of the civilians involved in the war effort high. The Government realized after WW1 that women were an invaluable source in wartime; they also knew that they had to save the children as they would help the moral of the workforce and were the future of Britain. ...read more.


bombers was large balloon ships that went slow and were very large which is why they were so disturbed at the rate of increasing aircraft technology in the years preceding WW2. More important than this though, to the government at least, were the social causes for evacuation. If the children were gone this would free up many more key workers essential to the war effort. The government realized in WW1 that one of the vital reasons for Britain winning the war was the input the women gave in doing their 'bit for the boys' by working in the munitions factories and alike. With all the men gone off fighting there was no one left to make the weapons that are needed in a war, so this responsibility was taken by the women who wanted to do their bit for their country to help the war effort and make their family proud. With the mothers kids gone she would work a lot better for several reasons, they wouldn't be worrying about their children they knew they were safe and away form bombings, and they didn't have ...read more.


Although all of these reasons for evacuation were perfectly reasonable, there is one more that I feel was a much more important reason for the early evacuation. Even in WW1 countries were developing all different kinds of technology at a disturbing rate like in the arms and naval race. The development of aircraft technology was one step further. In WW1 they only had big airships called zeppelins, and only about 20 years later they have aircraft so good it can travel a much longer distance in a shorter time and carry more bombs, the rate of advancement frightened the government to no end, especially after the events in Guernica. The Germans had just finished completion on a new type of aircraft and was later quoted to have said that Guernica was just a practice. The devastation there was total, someone was quoted as saying "by 7p.m there was no Guernica" This is a prime example of why the new aircraft technology frightened the Government so. Ellen Funston History Coursework 11W - 1 - ...read more.

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