• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Why did the British Government decide to evacuate children from Britain's major cities in the early years of World War 2?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Why did the British Government decide to evacuate children from Britain's major cities in the early years of World War 2? Evacuation was the mass departure of people from danger zones e.g. London, Sheffield, Yorkshire, Kent and many more in and operation named Pied Piper nick named so because of the tale of the pied piper leading all the children away. The evacuee's, the people being removed form potential harm, were children, expectant mothers and old and ill people, the people who would not be able to fend for themselves. The British Government would want these people evacuated as soon as possible to reduce the number of fatalities likely to occur, thus keeping the moral and work standard of the civilians involved in the war effort high. The Government realized after WW1 that women were an invaluable source in wartime; they also knew that they had to save the children as they would help the moral of the workforce and were the future of Britain. ...read more.

Middle

bombers was large balloon ships that went slow and were very large which is why they were so disturbed at the rate of increasing aircraft technology in the years preceding WW2. More important than this though, to the government at least, were the social causes for evacuation. If the children were gone this would free up many more key workers essential to the war effort. The government realized in WW1 that one of the vital reasons for Britain winning the war was the input the women gave in doing their 'bit for the boys' by working in the munitions factories and alike. With all the men gone off fighting there was no one left to make the weapons that are needed in a war, so this responsibility was taken by the women who wanted to do their bit for their country to help the war effort and make their family proud. With the mothers kids gone she would work a lot better for several reasons, they wouldn't be worrying about their children they knew they were safe and away form bombings, and they didn't have ...read more.

Conclusion

Although all of these reasons for evacuation were perfectly reasonable, there is one more that I feel was a much more important reason for the early evacuation. Even in WW1 countries were developing all different kinds of technology at a disturbing rate like in the arms and naval race. The development of aircraft technology was one step further. In WW1 they only had big airships called zeppelins, and only about 20 years later they have aircraft so good it can travel a much longer distance in a shorter time and carry more bombs, the rate of advancement frightened the government to no end, especially after the events in Guernica. The Germans had just finished completion on a new type of aircraft and was later quoted to have said that Guernica was just a practice. The devastation there was total, someone was quoted as saying "by 7p.m there was no Guernica" This is a prime example of why the new aircraft technology frightened the Government so. Ellen Funston History Coursework 11W - 1 - ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Developmental Psychology section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Developmental Psychology essays

  1. What causes crime?

    These stages are: The oral stage, the anal stage, the phallic stage, the latency stage and the genital stage. The oral stage focuses on pleasure that is obtained through the mouth such as sucking. The anal stage focuses on the expulsion and retention of faeces.

  2. The idea for my coursework is the potential changing aspirations of teenage girls in ...

    It is important for my sample to be representative so that I can come up with statements and conclusions that apply to the whole population as well as the small group that is sampled. If the sample is not representative to the research it will be invalid.

  1. Why Did The British Government Decide To Evacuate Children At The Start Of World ...

    Another reason is that maybe having these children around would have meant people would have had less space in fewer amounts of air raid shelters and this could have caused injury, huge overflow and maybe everyone would have not been able to fit into these shelters.

  2. Why did the British government decide to evacuate children from Britain's major cities in ...

    announced a mass evacuation of children, to show and make the people of Britain realise, this threat was very real. There was also the aspect that the government was doing this to show and reassure the public that they were actually doing something in response to this potent German force.

  1. how children in different parts of the world travel to school

    of my work is weak in certain areas or perhaps if I need more information than I have already obtained previously in order to support my hypothesis. Why I think my Hypothesis is True I think that it is easier for children in England to travel to school than for children in South Africa.

  2. Why did the British Government decide to evacuate children from Britain's major cities in ...

    The adopting parents also often found it hard to accept the children. They were used to having children who never swore, were clean and followed God's laws which was the complete opposite to the city children. Many people reported the children to be disruptive, often swearing, infested with head lice and generally uncontrollable.

  1. "Why did the British Government decide to evacuate children from Britain's major cities in ...

    As well as children, pregnant women, teachers and the disabled were also evacuated. The first plans for evacuation were made in 1934, to coincide with the amount of bomb production that was going on. These evacuees would go to the county to be "temporally adopted" by volunteers living there.

  2. Why did the British government decide to evacuate children from Britain's major cities in ...

    This was when the Germans did not bomb Britain at all despite being expected to. As a result, many children returned home to the cities and their parents as they felt there children were in no danger and that it was pointless for them to be away from home.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work