• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Why did the British government try to evacuate children from Britain's major cities in the early years of the Second World War?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Assignment 1: Model B: Britain in the Second World War. 1. Why did the British government try to evacuate children from Britain's major cities in the early years of the Second World War? The evacuation of children in the early years if the Second World War was a major effort by all different types of people, especially the government. In anticipation of warfare a lot of forward planning had taken place. The main reason why children were evacuated was for their own safety. The government wanted the children to escape the danger of German air raids. Soldiers would say that the children distracted them from fighting a better war. In other words, this means that the soldiers said that if the children were in the city at the time of war, they will lose the war because of them because when children begin to panic; soldiers and workers can become distracted from the war effort. Children were first evacuated in 1939. This was named by the government as "Operation Pied-Piper". The government had other priorities for the city and war which was why they had no choice but to evacuate as it would be safer for the children in the countryside. Children needed to be kept from seeing the horrors and damage of the war otherwise this could lead to physiological concerns when they got older. ...read more.

Middle

Having children in the cities was also seen as a distraction to both soldiers and parents. Soldiers were not able to fully concentrate on the enemy with children in the area and parents were not able to concentrate and put in full concentration in the war effort. 2 (a). Why do sources A to F differ in their attitudes to the evacuation of children? As part of the preparation for war, the Government decided that all schoolchildren and mothers with children under five years of age should be evacuated from the cities and sent to live in villages in the countryside that were not likely to be bombed by the Germans during the war. People had many different views and attitudes towards the evacuation of children. Sources A to F are prime examples of contrasting views. Source A shows children and their teachers being evacuated to the station in London, September 1939. This was the first wave of evacuation so the government wanted to make the evacuation process look good as they wanted to make a good impression of their organisation for parents to be reassured. Therefore I question this scene as it may have been set. If the source was for a newspaper, it could be an example of propaganda. ...read more.

Conclusion

Sources A and B link because they both show some form of organisation the government controlled in the matter of evacuation. In Source A, the children are well ordered and look calm and content. In Source B, the teacher explains that the train was ready and waiting for the children to board when they arrived at the station. Sources A and D link because they are both scenes trying to persuade people -both parents and potential foster parents that evacuation is safe and the children will cause them no trouble at all. In Source A, the children are portrayed as well behaved and calm, and in Source D, the two children are shown as sweet and innocent. Sources B and E are linked because both the people share the fear of the unknown. The teacher in Source A explains that she "hadn't the slightest idea" as to where they were going. The father in Source E explains that he won't let his son go because "they can't be looked after where they're sending them". Both the teacher and the father share the feeling of threat and misconception. In conclusion people shared mixed emotions on how they felt about evacuation. Parents looked at it either as a safe haven or a threat for their children, and children looked at it either as an adventure or a terrifying place where they knew no one or their surroundings. Danielle Choyen 11 Miranda ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Developmental Psychology section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Developmental Psychology essays

  1. During the war over 3,000,000 children were evacuated into the British countryside and sent ...

    they remained in the company of cheerful parents they were able cope very well and stay happy.

  2. This curriculum plan is to be based on children aged between nought to two ...

    There is no reason why the adult in situation will be in any danger or in an unhealthy situation with this activity; the cards are also laminated so they are wipe clean to stop the transfer of germs or illnesses.

  1. Is Homework Beneficial to Children in Any way?

    under enormous jeopardy. Research carried out by Solomon et al. (2002) made clear conclusions that homework made a negative impact on families and was described as a significant site of parent-child tension. They also say that polices such as the DFEE homework guidelines and the information of home-school contracts do

  2. The idea for my coursework is the potential changing aspirations of teenage girls in ...

    The way in which I will obtain my sample is by one form of non- random sampling and one form of random sampling. I will use quota sampling sampling, where I will hand out questionnaires to 2 students from each of the above year groups.

  1. A sociological investigation into cohabitation in Britain today.

    (discussed earlier), on a smaller scale, showing a continuing change in opinions regarding cohabitation in society. 11. Do you have any children from your current or a past relationship? Yes No I included this question as another option to use as a link between other answers, particularly answers to the following question regarding children and cohabitation.

  2. Why did the British government decide to evacuate children from Britain's major cities in ...

    I think the least important reason for the evacuation of children is the fact that if the children were evacuated this would result in less demand for emergency services. The reason why I feel this is the least important is because this is actually not entirely true because as shown

  1. What Were The Differing Reactions In Britain To The Policy Of Evacuating Children During ...

    The parent's reactions and attitudes towards evacuation throughout the Second World War changed significantly. When the first evacuation took place many mothers didn't want their children to be evacuated because they thought there was no need to split up families.

  2. I have decided to do my portfolio on Beaufort Park School, for several reasons. ...

    * Grey school shorts * Grey socks * Black school shoes Girls * Red striped/gingham dress * White socks * Red/white sandals or black school shoes PE and games uniform * White t-shirt * Red/black shorts * Pumps (indoors) * Trainers (outdoors)

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work