• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Write about what each of the four personality factors mean and why do you think you have got that particular score for each factor. Furthermore, you would need to research and findout which personality theory, this test is similar to, e.g., Kelly, Cattell

Extracts from this document...


Psychology Assignment 4 Write about what each of the four personality factors mean and why do you think you have got that particular score for each factor. Furthermore, you would need to research and findout which personality theory, this test is similar to, e.g., Kelly, Cattell, Roger, or others. 26 April 2010 Personality of people is something that we describe and assess almost every day and it concerns the most important parts of an individual's psychological life. While there are many different types of personality theories have been proposed over the years. To start studying the theories, we first have to clearly understand what personality means. So what is personality? Given that the word "personality" was originally found and derived from the Latin word "persona" and means "mask". To put in the study of personality, it refers to the study of "masks" that people wear. These are the personas that people demonstrated and also the inner parts of psychological experience which we collectively call our "self". Warren & Carmichael have suggested a more vivid definition of personality: Personality is the entire mental organization of a human being at any stage of his development. It embraces every phase of human character: intellect, temperament, skill, morality, and every attitude that has been built up in the course of one's life. (Warren & Carmichael, 1930, p. 333). In this paper I have taken the 41 personality questionnaires(41Q) ...read more.


The main reason why I received such result is because I got a fairly high score in sensing and a moderate score in thinking and judging which fall under a very rational, realistic, emotionless and unsociable category. I scored 1/9 Introverted, 5/9 Sensing, 3/9 Thinking and 3/9 Judging which make me an ISTJ (introverted, sensing, thinking and judging) they are known as the examiner which are people that are responsible, loyal and hard working. They have an acute sense of right and wrong and work hard at preserving established norms and traditions. Because of their deep sense of duty they are dedicated to everything they do and are very dependable. ISTJs care deeply for those closest to them." (www.mypersonality.info) The 41 questionnaire is made using many different psychologies' theory; it includes Myers-Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI), Cattell's trait theory and Rogers' person-centred approach using the Q-sort method. The 4 personality indicator developed by Carl Jung was then "developed into the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI) by Isabel Briggs Myers and Katharine Cook Briggs" (www.myersbriggs.org). In MBTI indicator they uses the 4 of these eight preferences (E or I, S or N, T or F, J or P) you get from the questionnaires to create a more specific personality into 16 different categories. (Appendix 2) In Cattell trait theory he found "18000 words that are relevant to personality then cutting it down to 4500 word that is use to describe personality then reducing it to 160 words removing all the unfamiliar terms and synonyms words. ...read more.


The only problem with the 41Q is that the person taking the questionnaire might not be able to answer the questions correctly as the question is mostly asking the subject what would they do if they are in a current situation, subjects might not be able to differentiate weather the answer they pick is what they want to do or that is what they are going to do. Reference Eysenck, M. W. (2002), Simply psychology, 2nd ed, Taylor & Francis Inc, USA and Canada Rogers, C.R. (1959). A theory of therapy, personality and interpersonal relationships, as developed in the client-centered framework. In S. Koch (ed.). Psychology: A study of science. (pp. 184-256). N.Y.: McGraw Hill. Warren, H. C., & Carmichael, L., Elements of human psychology (Rev. Ed.; Boston, MA: Houghton Mifflin, 1930), p. 333/Cited in Allport, Pattern & growth in personality (1937/1961, p.36). http://www.41q.com/about.41q http://www.mypersonality.info/personality-types/ http://www.mypersonality.info/personality-types/istj/ http://www.myersbriggs.org/my-mbti-personality-type/mbti-basics/ Appendix 1. Jimmy Lam's personality type: "Reliable Realist" Serious and quiet, interested in security and peaceful living. Extremely thorough, responsible and dependable. Well-developed powers of concentration. Usually interested in supporting and promoting traditions and establishments. Well-organized and hard working, they work steadily towards identified goals. They can usually accomplish any task once they have set their mind to it. Careers that could fit Jimmy Lam include: Business executives, administrators and managers, accountants, police, detectives, judges, lawyers, medical doctors, dentists, computer programmers, systems analysts, computer specialists, auditors, electricians, math teachers, mechanical engineers, steelworkers, technicians. 2. ?? ?? ?? ?? Page | 1 ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Social Psychology section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Social Psychology essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    Preventing and Reducing Crime

    3 star(s)

    Bearing in mind that abused wives put up with the same abuse, with the same rushes of hormones, yet 'snap' at that moment. So the usefulness of learning about hormones would be to try and gain a greater understanding of impulsive behaviour.

  2. An Investigation to see whether the halo effect is present when rating personality ...

    Experimental Hypothesis- There will be a higher rating of personality traits of an 'attractive' person in a picture than of an 'unattractive' person in a picute. This is a one tailed hypothesis as it is devised from the background research material that suggests that more attractive people will be seen to have more positive personality traits than unattractive people.

  1. Psychology Questions Ansewered

    Freud interprets Hans fear of horses as the expression of his suppressed desire for his mother. The boy could have been genuinely afraid of horses as a consequence of having been frightened by one of them and as such had developed a generalized fear of horses.

  2. Mate Selection and Preferences Across Decades

    Some gaps in the literature reviewed also revealed that hardly any studies specifically asked participants about personality, but rather, focused more so on attractiveness and social status instead. Future recommendations for research could include more behavioral and observational studies, combined with more modern day surveys.

  1. Persuasion Theory.

    - possibly the most difficult task. "The more a person is emotionally involved in his or her beliefs, the harder it is to change those beliefs by mere information or argument. People who are less interested in an issue hold weaker opinions and beliefs and thus are more likely to change their minds".

  2. Self Report Write Up

    The questionnaire took part during the school week in lesson time. The target population for the questionnaire is students between the ages of 16 and 17. Section 4 To collect my data I asked 10 participants a series of 10 questions.

  1. The aim of this practical was to attempt to replicate Harrison and Saeed,s (1977) ...

    ( Basow 1986). Davis (1990) Previous studies of attachment styles and partner choice have formulated the issues in terms of whether the attachment styles follow the similarity or complementary principles. Davis and Latty-Mann, (1987) et al, propose that the fundamental basis of partner preference is neither of these.

  2. Psychology, personality & teamwork

    He showed this also by shouting abuse to the England dressing room. Ponting participates in sport because he is always hungry to win matches whether that is against a top team or an average team. He has also got a big competitive streak in him, which you can see because

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work