• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Augustine's philosophy. In Augustines thinking all moral and natural (evil) comes from moral choices.

Extracts from this document...


Augustine's Theodicy St Augustine (ad 354-430) was a committed Christian and monk, inspired by the preaching of Ambrose of Milan. His main arguments concerning evil were both originally based on the bible. Augustine himself had many beliefs, one of his main beliefs was that god had made the world and when making the world he had made it free from flaws. He believed very strongly that god is 'good, omnipotent and omniscience'. For this reason he was also greatly influenced by the creation stories found in Genesis 1-3. Although Augustine believed in this thesis things he had a problem which was, 'if god is good and omnipotent and it was god that created the world why is there evil in the world?' ...read more.


This is a privation in Augustine's thinking. Augustine also influenced a philosopher called, Herbert McCabe. McCabe argued a similar argument to Augustine's, which was that badness and evil are about not living up to expectations - something lacks a quality it should have been. However Augustine had to reject the idea that power opposed God as that would go against the traditional Christian view of god being 'omnipotent' (God would have a rival). Augustine theodicy was largely based on that people are not doing wrong when they torture someone as an example, however they are failing at what they should be doing as humans, and that therefore makes them wrong (or evil). So if you say that a human being is evil, or their actions are evil, you are saying that the way they behave does not match the expectations about how a human being should behave. ...read more.


Many of Augustine's ideas about the origin of evil are influenced by philosophy from later followers Plato (a school of thoughts called Middle Platonism) and ideas drawn from the bible, mainly from genesis, he believed that every human being was an related to Adam and that is why every single person in the world is guilty of evil, this is as it was Adam who committed ultimate sin in the Garden of Eden. Augustine believed very strongly that evil should be punished. Therefore it was Augustine's theodicy that said that natural evil in the world is a fitting punishment for moral wickedness. He strongly believed that evil is solely a result of human rebellion. He also argued God knew this would happen, as it is God who is 'omniscient'. ?? ?? ?? ?? George Lucas ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Philosophy section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Philosophy essays

  1. All of our Choices are Predetermined

    If our actions are predetermined, then it seems that punishment in hell would be arbitrary. God would simply be creating people in a flawed way, and then punishing them for his poor skills of creation. Needless to say, this viewpoint is not accepted by many Christians and so there have been many arguments for a lack of determinism in philosophy.

  2. problem of evil

    this - where a king falls in love with a peasant girl but rather than imposing his power on her and forcing him to marry her, he wins her over. They both believe that without development our goodness would be without value, we would be automatons.

  1. 'It pays to be moral.' Discuss. (30)

    Persons are assumed to be equal to one another and therefore equally capable of discovering and being bound by the Law of Nature. The Law of Nature, which according to Locke is the basis of all morality, and given to us by God, commands that we do not harm others with regards to their 'life, health, liberty or possessions'.

  2. Can the problem of evil be solved

    One being that Augustine's theodicy is "old fashioned" as in today's, modern society there is strong disbelief in the devil and fallen angels which there wouldn't have been in Augustine's day. Also critics say that to compare a painting to the world is too unrealistic as they are on completely different levels.

  1. Introduction to Philosophy.

    * Thales of Miletus said that basics stuff is water. So One can say that the primary substance in this theory is WATER. Many philosophers asked a common question, that is they asked ? WHAT is reality. Three of these philosophers are : 1.

  2. A Critical Analysis of Lao Tzu's Tao Teh Ching - Chineses philosophy.

    text; or understanding from within, as phrased by Higgins and Solomon, one may point out that there is probably a degree of hermeneutic understanding in all intelligent reading, and full-fetched hermeneutics can easily lead to circular thinking.4 This does not mean that the only, or proper, way of philosophising is that logical and conceptual analysis.

  1. Explain and evaluate Augustine's Theodicy

    It is clear much evil and suffering in the world is actually caused by humans choosing to act in the wrong way. Finally, the biblical basis of the theodicy would also be considered a strength by Christians. However there are many weaknesses to Augustine's Theodicy, including it is difficult to

  2. Explain the issues concerning the origins of natural and moral evil.

    Yet they chose to sin. Why? I don?t know. Nor have I found anyone yet who does know.? Any attempt to make the existence of an All-knowing, All-powerful and benevolent God consistent with the existence of evil is known as a Theodicy.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work