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Briefly outline Plato's definition of justice and morality and compare it to Thrasymachus and conventional ideas of this concept.

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Introduction

Briefly outline Plato's definition of justice and morality and compare it to Thrasymachus and conventional ideas of this concept. Plato's definition of justice in society is when everyone is doing their own tasks, mind own business to witch they are naturally suited to, when injustice is person's trying to do others job. He is explaining how exactly society is structured and how people could now what their best place and job in society is in his "magnificent myth". Basic idea is that people born with bronze, silver or gold in their soul and each of them defines wether this person is a producer, auxiliary or ruler. ...read more.

Middle

So, if the reason should be in control it is not justice if one of the other parts of soul tries to do reason's job and starts controlling person's life. For Plato justice obviously is a good thing, when in Trasymachus theory justice is for the naive people who are controlled by the stronger, who are manipulated. Trasymachus is saying, that justice is in the interest of a stronger party, meaning that what is right and what is wrong is established by ruling elite and for everyone following these laws are namely in this ruler class benefits. ...read more.

Conclusion

He had an idea that we need to live up to ours legal obligations and be honest. For example we need to give the man his due, treat friends and enemies differently. Plato had presented some objections to this view, such as returning weapon to a madman, however I thing some of the ideas of conventional morality are working within his own definition of this concept - "live up to yours legal obligations" sound very similar to "mind your own business", the only differences are that Plato presents more complex ideas of how this all works together and also he explaines separately what is justice of society and what is justice of an individual. ...read more.

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