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Christianity and Judaism

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

CHRISTIANITY AND JUDAISM Julia Lot, n�16 CHRISTIANITY The Bible As we know, every religion has its own sacred text. The Bible, holy book, is the sacred text of Christianity. Christians believe that the Bible is the Word of God. The Bible could be described as a small library. The books in the Old Testament were written by different people over hundreds of years. Only a few people wrote the books in the New Testament over a period of fifty years or so. The Bible is divided in two parts: 1. The Old Testament (or Jewish Scripture) Was written before the time of Jesus. It remarks the story of God's people, the Jews. This part is special to the Jewish people. It is at the front of the Bible. 2. The New Testament Was written after the time of Jesus. It remarks the story of Jesus and the first Christians. This part is special to the Christian people. It is at the back of the Bible. Christians read both parts of the Bible; they read the Old Testament because it tells the story of how God prepared people for the coming of Jesus. The Dead Sea Scrolls One day, in 1947, a boy, was taking care of a group of goats, when one escaped. That goat, started to wander around a hillside near the Dead Sea. The boy started to look for it. The boy thought that the goat would be in one of the caves nearby, so, he threw a rock in a cave in order for the goat to get frightened and run out. When he heard a sound from inside the cave he got scared and start to run. The next day, the boy, came back with his cousin to investigate the cave. The boys discovered that the cave was full of pottery jars. Inside each jar, there was an old scroll wrapped up in a cloth, almost 2.000 years old, they were handwritten copies of nearly every book of Jewish scripture in the Old Testament. ...read more.

Middle

Then, he broke the bread and gave a piece to each disciple and said, "This is my body". After, Jesus took a cup of wine and again thanked God with a prayer. He passed the cup to each one of them and said, "This is my blood". Jesus said to his disciples to do this in his memory. So, he gave the bread and the wine a new meaning. The bread would be his body and the wine his blood. In this way, Jesus related the Passover meal with his own death. Also, Jesus said that one of the present would betray him. The disciples didn't understand the meaning of his actions. They did not realise that Jesus was about to die for them. They thought that he had come to Jerusalem to become king, because, since they thought that he was the Messiah, he would free the people from their foreign rulers, the Romans. Later on, Jesus took his disciples to the Mount of Olives outside of the city. Arrest and trial of Jesus On Thursday evening, as usual, Jesus and some of his disciples met at the Mount of Olives, where it was safer. After, Jesus left on his own and bent on his knees and prayed. He was ready if God wanted him. Suddenly, Judas arrived and gave Jesus a kiss. That was a signal. Jesus got arrested and the disciples where going to fight but Jesus told them not to. Jesus was put to trial. He was brought before the Sanhedrin, the Jewish court of law. Jesus was accused of blasphemy. They said he would be put to death. So, they took him to Pilate, the Roman Governor. Early on Friday morning, Pilate accused Jesus of treason and was sentenced to death. Roman soldiers took him away to be crucified. Death of Jesus On Friday morning, Roman soldiers led Jesus out to be crucified. ...read more.

Conclusion

The Tenakh was published in 90 CE. The Talmud was published in 500 CE. NOTE: The Dead Sea Scrolls could also be mentioned in Judaism. COMPARISON * Both religions are monotheistic, the only believe in one God, who is holy, righteous, just and loving, which created the world. * They both have the same origin. * The same desire to have a relationship with God and worship him. * The same awareness of sin in mankind and its consequences for a correct judgment by God. * The same belief in the Messiah to rescue God's people and restore his kingdom. * In Judaism no human must die for the sins of others but in Christianity Jesus died for the sins of mankind. * In Judaism God is referred as only one, indivisible, which cannot be separated into three aspects or incarnations but Christianity says the opposite, God can be reincarnated into the Father, the Son and the Holy Spirit. * The two religions believe in helping others and doing what is right. * The clergies for Christianity are called priests, ministers, pastors and bishops and the clergy for Judaism in called rabbis. * Christians' houses of worship are church, chapel and cathedral and their main day of worship are Sundays. Jews' house of worship is called synagogue and their main day of worship occurs on Saturdays. * Both religions have Hebrew Scriptures (the Old Testament) as a Word of God. * Christians believe that Jesus Christ fulfilled the Old Testament prophecies and he is the Savior. But, Judaism recognizes Jesus as a good preacher and a prophet of God; it does not accept that Jesus is the Messiah or Savior. * Christianity believes that God in the form of human was Jesus Christ and sacrificed himself in order to pay for our sins, but Judaism disagrees that Jesus was God and he died for human beings sins. * Christians read both the New and Old Testament but Jews only read the Old Testament. ...read more.

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