• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month
  1. 1
  2. 2
  3. 3
  4. 4
  5. 5
  6. 6
  7. 7
  8. 8
  9. 9
  10. 10
  11. 11
  12. 12
  13. 13
  14. 14
  15. 15
  16. 16
  17. 17
  18. 18
  19. 19
  20. 20

Christianity and Judaism

Extracts from this document...


CHRISTIANITY AND JUDAISM Julia Lot, n�16 CHRISTIANITY The Bible As we know, every religion has its own sacred text. The Bible, holy book, is the sacred text of Christianity. Christians believe that the Bible is the Word of God. The Bible could be described as a small library. The books in the Old Testament were written by different people over hundreds of years. Only a few people wrote the books in the New Testament over a period of fifty years or so. The Bible is divided in two parts: 1. The Old Testament (or Jewish Scripture) Was written before the time of Jesus. It remarks the story of God's people, the Jews. This part is special to the Jewish people. It is at the front of the Bible. 2. The New Testament Was written after the time of Jesus. It remarks the story of Jesus and the first Christians. This part is special to the Christian people. It is at the back of the Bible. Christians read both parts of the Bible; they read the Old Testament because it tells the story of how God prepared people for the coming of Jesus. The Dead Sea Scrolls One day, in 1947, a boy, was taking care of a group of goats, when one escaped. That goat, started to wander around a hillside near the Dead Sea. The boy started to look for it. The boy thought that the goat would be in one of the caves nearby, so, he threw a rock in a cave in order for the goat to get frightened and run out. When he heard a sound from inside the cave he got scared and start to run. The next day, the boy, came back with his cousin to investigate the cave. The boys discovered that the cave was full of pottery jars. Inside each jar, there was an old scroll wrapped up in a cloth, almost 2.000 years old, they were handwritten copies of nearly every book of Jewish scripture in the Old Testament. ...read more.


Then, he broke the bread and gave a piece to each disciple and said, "This is my body". After, Jesus took a cup of wine and again thanked God with a prayer. He passed the cup to each one of them and said, "This is my blood". Jesus said to his disciples to do this in his memory. So, he gave the bread and the wine a new meaning. The bread would be his body and the wine his blood. In this way, Jesus related the Passover meal with his own death. Also, Jesus said that one of the present would betray him. The disciples didn't understand the meaning of his actions. They did not realise that Jesus was about to die for them. They thought that he had come to Jerusalem to become king, because, since they thought that he was the Messiah, he would free the people from their foreign rulers, the Romans. Later on, Jesus took his disciples to the Mount of Olives outside of the city. Arrest and trial of Jesus On Thursday evening, as usual, Jesus and some of his disciples met at the Mount of Olives, where it was safer. After, Jesus left on his own and bent on his knees and prayed. He was ready if God wanted him. Suddenly, Judas arrived and gave Jesus a kiss. That was a signal. Jesus got arrested and the disciples where going to fight but Jesus told them not to. Jesus was put to trial. He was brought before the Sanhedrin, the Jewish court of law. Jesus was accused of blasphemy. They said he would be put to death. So, they took him to Pilate, the Roman Governor. Early on Friday morning, Pilate accused Jesus of treason and was sentenced to death. Roman soldiers took him away to be crucified. Death of Jesus On Friday morning, Roman soldiers led Jesus out to be crucified. ...read more.


The Tenakh was published in 90 CE. The Talmud was published in 500 CE. NOTE: The Dead Sea Scrolls could also be mentioned in Judaism. COMPARISON * Both religions are monotheistic, the only believe in one God, who is holy, righteous, just and loving, which created the world. * They both have the same origin. * The same desire to have a relationship with God and worship him. * The same awareness of sin in mankind and its consequences for a correct judgment by God. * The same belief in the Messiah to rescue God's people and restore his kingdom. * In Judaism no human must die for the sins of others but in Christianity Jesus died for the sins of mankind. * In Judaism God is referred as only one, indivisible, which cannot be separated into three aspects or incarnations but Christianity says the opposite, God can be reincarnated into the Father, the Son and the Holy Spirit. * The two religions believe in helping others and doing what is right. * The clergies for Christianity are called priests, ministers, pastors and bishops and the clergy for Judaism in called rabbis. * Christians' houses of worship are church, chapel and cathedral and their main day of worship are Sundays. Jews' house of worship is called synagogue and their main day of worship occurs on Saturdays. * Both religions have Hebrew Scriptures (the Old Testament) as a Word of God. * Christians believe that Jesus Christ fulfilled the Old Testament prophecies and he is the Savior. But, Judaism recognizes Jesus as a good preacher and a prophet of God; it does not accept that Jesus is the Messiah or Savior. * Christianity believes that God in the form of human was Jesus Christ and sacrificed himself in order to pay for our sins, but Judaism disagrees that Jesus was God and he died for human beings sins. * Christians read both the New and Old Testament but Jews only read the Old Testament. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Buddhism section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Buddhism essays

  1. The middle way

    myself and thus following "The Middle Way" Precept Two- I will avoid taking what is not given Positive effect- I will not take what I cannot afford/need, which means I am not living a luxurious life. I am also not living a deprived life so I am following "The Middle Way".

  2. Teachings Now the ...

    He was twenty-nine years old. Conversion For six years Siddhartha lived under strict discipline of the Hindu religion. He lived as a wandering ascetic. He had settled to live with five other holy men near the River Nairanjana. He had trained himself to fast for long periods of time and when he had done that,

  1. Buddhism is one of the biggest religions founded in India in the 6th and ...

    when he learned that eventually his young healthy body would become weak he fell into a deep depression. On the fourth trip, Siddhartha saw a world renouncer, a man who stood apart from the crowd, who owned nothing and was unaffected by the petty concerns of the masses, and who radiated calm, serenity, and a profound inner peace.

  2. Siddhartha as a Hero's Journey.

    In the morning, his father tells Siddhartha that he may join the Samanas if he wishes. His father tells him that if "you find bliss in the forest, you should come back and teach me. If you finds disillusionment, come back, and we shall again offer sacrifices to the gods together".

  1. A discussion of the Buddhist beliefs about Buddha and Christian beliefs about Christ

    On the third day they found him in the temple, and his mother said to him, "Son, why have you done this to us? Your father and I have been terribly worried trying to find you." He answered them, "Why did you have to look for me?

  2. Buddhism. Many aspects of the belief system represent notions of continuity and change ...

    Siddhartha himself was not always accepting of women entering the monastery. His attitude solely changed when his closest disciple, Ananda, used the traditional Buddhist value of impermanence as a way to demonstrate how the position of women at the time should not necessarily remain this way.

  1. We don't possess any genuine freedom to act ethically. Discuss.

    Thus for a soft determinist we are not totally free nor are totally determined but act according to our motivations for a particular situation. Lastly in the argument of freewill there is the polar opposite of hard determinism and that is libertarianism, which states that we are totally free autonomous agents.

  2. Buddhism in culture and media around the world.

    The modern educational system fails to educate students to learn to be sensitive, caring, and even-minded individuals. The original language seems to have been Magadhi, which used in preaching. Of all the Indic language versions are used as Buddhist texts today, those written in Pali are the most numerous and

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work