• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Describe the origins of two modern Jewish groups and explain the ways in which they have developed.

Extracts from this document...


Q1- Describe the origins of two modern Jewish groups and explain the ways in which they have developed. There are two main Jewish group, reform Jews and Orthodox Jews. In some ways the groups could be seen as opposites but thought this is partly true both groups have their similarities to each other. Orthodox Jews are very strict when it comes to their religions. A colloquial term used by Jews for the word 'strict' is 'frum'. The more frum the Jew is the more strictly he or she keeps to the mitzvots given by God to Abraham. There are many different Jewish groups as well as these including 'Jews for Jesus'. Jewdaism is the personal relationship between god and the Hebrews which was established through Abraham. Abraham is believed by Jews to be the first person to recognise and worship the one god. Moses is also an important figure because he united the Jews as a people when god brought them out of slavery in Egypt. Moses was also the person who was given the Torah (Laws and Teachings) by God on Mt. Sinai. Chassidics are the traditional Jews follow the laws of Judaism very closely, both written and oral. ...read more.


Between 1810 and 1820 three cities in Germany; Seesen, Hamburg and Berlin made some dramatic changes such as mixed seating in the Synagogue. Many rabbis of reform movements took a 'rejectionist' view on some traditional rituals. For example: * Circumcision was seen to be barbaric and not practiced * The Hebrew language in the liturgy was replaced with German * The hope for restoration of the Jews in Israel was officially renounced. * Bar Mitzvah was replaced with a 'confirmation ceremony' * The laws of Kashrut and family purity were officially declared 'repugnant'. * Shabbat was observed on Sunday * Traditional resurrections on Shabbat behaviour were not followed. Orthodox Jews don't believe in the above changes and see it as compromising. The don't see reform Jews to be 'Real Jews', infact many don't see them as Jews at all. Q2- Describe the worship and lifestyle of these and explain how this reflects and assists beliefs. Because Chassidic Jews along with all Orthodox Jewish groups see the Torah as being divinely inspired and sacred they follow every word while Reform Jews see it as guidance from god that can be interpreted. Orthodox Jews have very long synagogue services each Sabbath lasting up to _________hours. ...read more.


Chassidic Jews go to a lot of effort to keep to the commandments and mitzvots and think it is unfair that Reform Jews still call themselves Jews when the don't put half as much effort or commitment in. Reform Jews don't see the changes they have made as a compromise, they see it as modernisation. They believe as the people change the religion should change to fit. They interpret things differently. For example, not working on Shabbat, they see this to have it's literal meaning, not going off and doing your job. Orthodox Jews see work to be the 30 jobs it took to build up the temple in which they worshipped thousands of years ago before they found there promised lands. This means they don't create fire or anything that could be associated with fire like electricity and many other things. Since the Reform Jews have split from the Orthodox hundreds of years ago they have grown apart and now have their own ways o doing things. If there was wars between the two groups over there differences then obviously there needs to be a change but Judaism is the worlds oldest religion and thy have got along fine for thousands of years. I think if Jews are happy with having separate groups then it is their decision and they should be able to stay this way. C ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Judaism section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Judaism essays

  1. Explain how Jewish people put their beliefs about Israel/Zionism into action

    All of the above helped Jews to put their beliefs about Israel into action and fight for land which they believed was their promised land. Nowadays Jewish people might go to live in a kibbutz. Kibbutzim are self sufficient communities based on agriculture.

  2. Describe in detail the way in which a fully observant Orthodox Jewish family would ...

    It is usually the mother that thoroughly cleans the house and gets all the necessary shopping beforehand because cleaning is seen as work and is therefore forbidden. The use of a car is also forbidden, so the parents will be unable to drive to shops.

  1. Search for the Jewish Messiah

    no need to rebuild the temple and reintroduce scarifies, furthermore they also encourage interfaith dialogue, this is where Jews talk to Christians, Christians talk to Muslims, Muslims talk to Jews, and the other ways round so it would be a world where every faith talks to one each other.

  2. Different Types of Jews.

    One Liberal Jew may choose to keep Kosher as a moral discipline and another may dismiss it as unnecessary in modern society. They hold this belief on the fact that they don't think that God ever revealed himself to any of the prophets including Moses, but made himself felt in their minds.

  1. Jewish beliefs on life after death and Jewish Funerals

    good and helps an individual to accept the passing away in a gradual process. Kadish is a prayer said by a mourner and is important because it is said to elevate the soul of the relative and also allows the mourner to feel as if he is still helping even as his relative lies in his coffin.

  2. What are the causes and effects of a religion splitting up into divisions or ...

    There was a different use of language e.g. God is referred to as "Yaweh" or "Elohim". The Reform Jews argued that if Moses and only Moses was the actual writer of the Torah that it should have only been written in one language.

  1. Explain why Jews may observe the Sabbath in different ways

    On this day they will always eat Kosher meals, as at all other times in the year, they will not drive a car, this is thought to resemble lighting a fire- forbidden to do on Sabbath in Torah, and this can be seen because the car parks at Orthodox Synagogues are always closed during Shabbat.

  2. Religion:Pharisees question and their impact on jewish life

    Josephus was bias toward the Pharisees because he spent so much time with them and was even a Pharisee himself. He was very local to them and fully respected them. The bible completely contradicts all that Josephus says. The bible is rather negative about the Pharisees and says that they care more about perception in society than law.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work