• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Discuss some of the issues raised in Meta-Ethics. How convincing is the view that, when talking of morality, we are talking about facts?

Extracts from this document...


AS Religious Studies Paper 2760 Foundation for the Study of Religion Part 2: Meta-Ethics Model Answer a). Discuss some of the issues raised in Meta-Ethics. (17 marks) b). How convincing is the view that, when talking of morality, we are talking about facts? (33 marks) (Total 50 marks) Notes: --> Remember, in an exam, you have 30 minutes to choose, plan, and write any essay. --> At AS Level, exam questions are twofold [i.e., there will be an (a) section and a (b) section]. --> Do not forget to answer both sections of a question! --> Usually, the marks appear beside each section of a question. --> In each question, section (a) holds 17 marks, and section (b) holds 33 marks. A total of 50 marks per question. --> Write your responses to questions appropriately - its no good having a detailed (a) section and a brief (b)! --> This model essay is structured so that it is realistic in its time expectations. --> If you have revised thoroughly, and know your stuff, you should be writing this sort of exam essay. --> Remember, do not waffle. ...read more.


b. How convincing is the view that, when talking of morality, we are talking about facts? But, when attempting to define 'good', and certainly when considering ethics as a whole, is it actually possible to say that moral systems deal with 'facts'? Some ethicists would claim not. GE Moore, for example, in his book Principia Ethica (1902) claimed that 'good' is impossible to define because it entirely depends on the moral codes a person brings to a particular situation. This would suggest that, owing to the wide range and variety of personal preference in ethical systems, it is impossible to talk of facts when dealing with morality. Moore, though, did suggest that 'good' was an entity in itself and that it was something which human beings intuitively sought. Indeed, human beings do a thing that is 'good' in order to achieve some long-term goal. However, he stated that in doing so, people commit what he coined the 'Naturalistic Fallacy'. Namely, that in finding oneself in a particular moral dilemma people assume it is natural and logical to shift immediately from dilemma to solution, treating moral conclusions as if they were absolute. ...read more.


agree because his 'value propositions' in moral dilemmas can easily be altered to produce a different outcome and, therefore, a different moral force; Hare claimed one cannot say moral rules are true or false, therefore failing to deliver morality to the territory of 'fact'; and, finally, Stevenson claims that individual moral codes are influenced by individual 'feelings' about the rightness or wrongness of an action, thus rendering factually-based morality a nonsense owing to the rich diversity of individual emotion. Indeed, the highly influential philosopher, AJ Ayer would agree with such an avowal because he suggested all moral statements are 'meaningless' statements. For example, how could one prove that it is wrong to cheat? He insisted that such statements as 'Is it wrong to cheat' are totally without meaning or provable sense because, logically and empirically, they cannot be shown to be true. All one can do is show that lots of people believe it is wrong to cheat. All they can do is express a personal dislike of cheats, cheating, and its consequences; they can express how they consider it to be unfair. That is, they can express how it does not coincide with what they believe to be fair and right - but that is all. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Practical Questions section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Practical Questions essays

  1. In this essay I will be looking at Ethics and the importance of using ...

    We need to look at what will be the fairest course of action for the clients well being. We as counsellors must respect the dignity and worth of every client. We must also ensure that the client gets the best possible support for their needs.

  2. Utilitarianism VS Kantian Deontological Ethics

    Lying under the categorical imperative seems to create an instant paradox, in that you would need to will it as a universal law. Is it possible to universalise a maxim that permits lying? The maxim would be 'it is okay to lie (i.e.

  1. "Virtue ethics is of little use when dealing with sexual ethics". Discuss - 35 ...

    if we are to be considered as good people in relation to this topic. Virtue ethics then seems to imply that an action is right if it is what a virtuous person who exercises the virtues would characteristically do in a situation.

  2. (a) Examine the reasons why some argue that morality is linked ...

    I have loved you' (John 15 : 12), the essence of the life of the Kingdom being love or agape (self-giving concern for others). Believers would claim that they believe in an objective lawgiver, a moral commander, who should be obeyed.

  1. Utilitarianism essay.

    These are people of wide experience who, having experienced many pleasures, can decide between them. This is a rather elitist, snobbish view of morality that says we should follow the examples of so called 'moral experts' who know more about what is right then we do.

  2. "Examine the different ways in which 'good' is used in meta-ethics."

    Can we loosely define 'good' as moralistic? There is a common theory that believes that our morals our simply a product of our culture and background. Therefore, there will be different moral codes in different societies. If each individual society has equal validity, it must be agreed that there can be no universal moral code.

  1. Virtue ethics is of little use when dealing with practical ethics Discuss.

    Eg courage is the mean, between the tow vices coward and foolhardy. Aristotle said the mean is not the same for everyone and depends on circumstance and therefore you need to apply practical wisdom. Some people would disagree with Aristotle's golden mean; they say that virtue ethics seems to praise

  2. Examine the key ideas of one critique of the link between religion and morality. ...

    acts as a motive for morally good acts, thus diluting the goodness, it is important to take into account that we live in a multicultural world that is, in many ways, highly secular but religious morality is still endemic. For many believers the only good reason to perform a morally

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work