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Explain different ethical approaches to issues of war and peace.

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Introduction

´╗┐Explain different ethical approaches to issues of war and peace. [25] The justification for a war is often cited as it is one of Holy causes, this can be seen in the texts of the Old Testament, ?Suddenly, the walls of Jericho collapsed, and the Israelites charged straight into the city from every side and captured it. They completely destroyed everything in it ? men and women, young and old, cattle, sheep, donkeys ? everything.? Joshua 6:20-21. The basic concepts of a Holy War being that God is always on the right side, fighting against the Devil, this permits anything and creates no limitations as all actions by the side for ?good? are doing God?s work. The Crusades in the Holy Land were religiously sanctioned by the Roman Catholic Church as it fought for the regain of Christian control over Jerusalem from Islamic forces and took place between 1095 and 1291. Whilst the reasons for these wars were Holy there were many internal conflicts between the Christian nations, which conflicts the purpose of the Crusades being for God?s will as these countries and thus making it difficult to distinguish whether wars serve God or political and economic reasons. ...read more.

Middle

of the East India Company for they could never enter into a just war and would therefore use the British flag to help justify their actions to other nations. The right intention to go to war is a very controversial aspect of the just war theory, it involves force only being used for altruistic purposes and so material gain and boosting economies is always wrong, for this reason the wars in Iraq have been under attack as it is argued that this war was started purely for the resource of oil in the country rather than the giving the Iraqi people liberty from their dictator Saddam Hussein. A similar issue has also been sparked recently in the case of Libya as once again it has been cited the reason for intervention in the country is for the material purpose of gaining oil rather than Libyan liberation from Colonel Gaddaffi. One case, in which this is implemented correctly, was in Cambodia in which the inhumane dictator Pol Pot caused genocide in his country, and so the Vietnamese invaded despite only being tenuously connected to the country and after over throwing Pol Pot left Cambodia in peace. ...read more.

Conclusion

26:52. However it is stated by some that Jesus was not a pacifist, and often cite the Cleansing of the Temple, where Jesus used force to drive the money changers out of God?s house ?And Jesus went into the temple of God, and cast out all of them who sold and bought in the temple, and overthrew the tables of the moneychangers? Matt. 21:12. Another passage often quoted ?And the one who has no sword must sell his cloak and buy one.? Luke 22:26. Although these appear to undermine pacifism they have also been interpreted as metaphorical or for self-defence and it is often stressed that Jesus has never called for bloodshed. Some philosophers such as Kant would argue that pacifism eliminates all autonomy as the absolutist nature of pacifism prevents laws being laid down by one?s self and so prevents rationality of which is at the heart of being human. Due to these downfalls in pacifism it can allow for great atrocities being committed such as genocide, if no action can be taken it can be taken advantage of by others who follow other principles easily. ...read more.

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