• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Explain Kants Moral argument for the existence of God [Part A question]

Extracts from this document...


Transfer-Encoding: chunked Explain Kant?s Moral argument for the existence of God [Part A question] It is indeed Aquinas? fourth way which suggests: the existence of God can be revealed through human recognition of right and wrong. The German Philosopher Immanuel Kant (1724-1804) claimed that only one fact was indisputable, and that was the existence of a moral law, which was totally meaningless is God didn?t exist. Kant mentioned that he thinks it?s impossible to ?prove? the existence of God. However if you were to say that there is a God, then he MUST exist for our morality and that certainly justifies faith in God. There is a famous quote by Kant, which states: ?Two things fill the mind with ever new and increasing admiration and awe?the starry heaven above me and the moral law within me?. ...read more.


For Newman, the existence of a conscience implies the existence of a moral law-giver to whom we answer to: God. His argument is as follows: everyone has an innate sense of moral awareness, enabling us to understand obligation and virtuous acts. For example, it doesn?t matter what culture or history or circumstance we are talking about; actions like murder or rape are always bad. This shows the existence of an ?objective moral law?. This of course follows his ?categorical imperative?, which states that there is an absolute and universal sense of moral duty within human beings which directs them towards the right actions. You make a moral decision based on a sense of duty, without any consideration or dependence on the outcome of that action. This leads us to the three postulates of morality, these are the factors involved when achieving the Summum Bonum. ...read more.


However we know from experience that this is not always the case. Clearly this is not achieved in this lifetime, therefore we must presume that there is an afterlife, of which provides humans the opportunity to have immortality. An ?average? level of virtue is not enough and we are obliged to aim for the highest standard possible. This however is only possible after a lifetime of fulfilling moral duties and we do not possess the power within ourselves to coincide both perfect happiness and moral perfection (achieve the Summum Bonum). Therefore to conclude, it is clear within Kant?s moral argument that God must exist as a postulate of practical reason. For without the existence of God, we cannot have the afterlife and we would not be able to fufil our obligation of reaching the summum bonum. Therefore God is necessary to ensure fairness in the universe and provide us with perfect happiness. For who else is omnipotent and omni-benevolent to do such deed? ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Philosophy section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Philosophy essays

  1. Philosophy - Conscience (90/90)

    instruction and a fortunate nature, and then of all animals he becomes the most divine and most civilized; but if he be insufficiently or ill-educated he is the most savage of earthly creatures."8 Yet, he conversely gives the analogous horse human traits: "he is a lover of honour and modesty

  2. Explain what Kant meant by 'the Categorical Imperative'

    This "law" is derived in the following way; to be a motivation (imperative) of reason (and not emotion or passion) it is important that all desires, interests and ambitions must be removed. If everyone's passions were to be removed then everyone would be at the same starting point, so to speak.

  1. Nietzsche and Mill on Conventional Morality

    Therefore we are in a situation where we rely on these masters to survive, and so can easily be exploited for their benefit. This is essentially what business is, the exploitation of others for personal gain, and we are the exploited who are fooled into the belief that if we

  2. Do you know you are reading this question?

    Reliabilism is another method Quine explored to be able to justify knowledge. It is true to say that many of the beliefs we hold and would generally count as knowledge are seemingly difficult to provide the justification for. Such as general knowledge that Germany is a relatively young unified country;

  1. Miracles part b

    However the healings can be investigated by the Church and proved by medical records showing that the person involved was incurable before visiting Lourdes, and perfectly healthy after leaving. Also, Swinburne argued that unlike Hume, we should trust people and their insights of what they have witnessed.

  2. Explain Kants Categorical Imperative (25 marks)

    Kant's kingdom of ends is ?an ideal community in which all citizens are at once the authors and subjects of all laws?. In this community, the only possible laws are laws that could apply to all rational beings. This means that Kant wants us to ask ourselves before we act,

  1. Happiness or Duty: Aristotle and Kants Approach on Moral Reason

    He begins with saying ?A good will is good not because of what it effects or accomplishes, nor because of its fitness to attain some proposed end; it is good only though its willing, i.e., it is good in itself? (pg.

  2. Explain Freuds challenge to Kants moral argument for the existence of God

    This suggests that if parents have given low moral values, then the person will have a different idea to what the highest level of virtue is compared to somebody with high values of moral understanding. Kant called the ideal state where human virtue and happiness are united the ?Summum Bonum?.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work