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Explain the argument from religious experience for the existence of God.

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Introduction

Transfer-Encoding: chunked ´╗┐Philosophy AO1 Question AO1) Explain the argument from religious experience for the existence of God. (30 marks) A religious experience can be defined as an experience of supernatural that draws a person into closer awareness and knowledge of the divine, and may take place spontaneously. There are different forms of the argument from religious experience which in turn, helps prove the existence of god. The Inductive argument refers to any general characteristics of a religious experience, identified by William James. James notes four characteristics of these experiences ? Ineffability, meaning the experience may be so overwhelming for the person that it is impossible for them to describe it verbally; an example of Ineffability includes the statements from St. ...read more.

Middle

St. John on the Cross describes his understanding of Noetic Quality through his religious experience as ?My mind had found a surer way: a knowledge of unknowing, rising beyond all science.? Whereas James? third way; Transience is the spontaneous and sometimes unpredictable duration of the religious experience a person experiences. James? final characteristic of a religious experience includes passivity ? during the experience the individual becomes the passive recipient (they lose control because of the overwhelming presence of God). St. Teresa of Avila states passivity through her literature as ?Christ has no body now, but yours. ...read more.

Conclusion

If the experience seems to be genuine (matching it along with the characteristics), this is evidence for God?s existence, and the principle of testimony - In the absence of evidence against, we should rely on the reports that we hear, it is reasonable to believe people. A final form of the argument from religious experience includes direct awareness. This follows the premise that the person/people who experience divine are overwhelmed and become unaware of anything else, focusing mainly on carrying out the work of God. A person?s direct awareness can determine the credibility of the religious experience and the change in the person?s life after the events. ...read more.

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