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Explain the theory of Virtue Ethics

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Introduction

Natalie Jones Yr 12 RE Explain the theory of Virtue Ethics Virtue ethics is making moral decisions at its purest and simplest form. It does not rely on religion; society or culture it simply depends on the person themselves. Virtue ethics looks to a person's morality, rather than the morality of the action. The sole focus of virtue ethics is the character and the morality of a person. Virtue ethics is a tradition that goes back to Plato and Aristotle; it is also known ass areatic ethics, from the Greek word ar�te, which means excellence or Virtue. They believed the heart of morality is not in the actions or duties, but in the person performing the actions. Virtue ethics can look back to Aristotle for its guidelines. His idea of happiness. It is independent of all moral pre-conceptions and focuses on the individual. This means that when a person makes a decision it should not be judged on what there decision was, but concentrate on the intention of the person making the decision. ...read more.

Middle

Aristotle believed that you should develop the virtues that will result in living in moderation on line with the Golden mean. This leads to the virtuous action. We learn our virtues from example. From people finding the Virtuous way to live. He also described people becoming good and bad. That they do not learn how to be it, instead it is acquired rather than innate .In the 20th century there was a revival of the virtue ethics. You needed a law enforcer with a possibility of a reward or judgement, to make sure that the ethical laws are enforced. An other philosopher questioned who was more virtuous someone who has to struggle with his or her virtues, or someone who is by nature more virtuous. They also argues that you need to distinguish between virtues and skills. Alistair MacIntyre uses Aristotle's ideas of ethics. He also takes a historical view of ethics. He advocates the absolute relevance of human character over abstract principles. To conclude the virtue theory encompasses all aspects of life rather than particular action. ...read more.

Conclusion

However virtue ethics also could help someone making a moral decision. The system is easy to understand and is able to apply to anyone. Virtue ethics is based on the welfare of the entire community, so it means that everyone lives together in harmony. The theory is not idealistic or unrealistic because it looks to real people who were virtuous. Virtue ethics can fit well with a variety of philosophies. For example a humanist view, which holds that there is no god but that humanity hold the key to success. Also if someone did have a moral problem they would deal with the situation in most loving way possible which would mean that everyone involved would be able to experience the benefits of the person ambition to be kind. To conclude I believe that in Virtue ethics is too idealistic in hoping for everyone to seek happiness for themselves and others. Also it is too vague for everyone to follow, which could lead to misunderstandings. ?? ?? ?? ?? - 1 - Natalie Jones ...read more.

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