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How successful is the Moral Argument?

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Introduction

How successful is the Moral Argument? One version of moral argument was developed by Immanuel Kant, he analysed the work of Aquinas and devised his proof for the existence of God based on moral behaviour. However it is sometimes questioned whether it is an argument because Kant believed that God's existence could only be established through faith, as opposed to logic. Kant considered his own beliefs about morality and reasoned that in a perfect world behaving morally should result in some sort of happiness. But in our world this rarely happens, therefore there must be something else to motivate people to behave morally. ...read more.

Middle

It could be argued that the moral argument is very successful; it strengthens aspects of the existing faith of believers. Those who already believe in God and question where morality comes from might agree with this argument and say that right and wrong morals came directly from God. Because this argument is based upon objective moral laws, it may appeal to those who already believe in unconditional laws. However, Kant's argument has been criticized; many say that morality can be explained without the need for the existence of God. There is irregularity in morality, for example the clashes of opinions on war and abortion would support this view. Kant's objective duty can be traced back to a combination of social conditioning and human nature. ...read more.

Conclusion

All this argument does establish is that there is a law giver of some kind. It does not point to an omnipotent, omniscient, and omnipresent God. Therefore it has lead Brian Davies to suggest that Kant's argument might not only point to a being who is a law giver but a 'Kantian - minded angel'. So the moral argument is successful in some ways as it furthers the beliefs of those who already have faith in God. On the other hand I don't think it is successful in providing a proof for God's existence. The argument blunders in many ways as the existence of a moral God may lead to the existence of moral laws but the existence of moral laws does not point to the existence of a moral God. ...read more.

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