Explain Kants Moral argument for the existence of God [Part A question]

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Explain Kant’s Moral argument for the existence of God [Part A question]

It is indeed Aquinas’ fourth way which suggests: the existence of God can be revealed through human recognition of right and wrong. 

The German Philosopher Immanuel Kant (1724-1804) claimed that only one fact was indisputable, and that was the existence of a moral law, which was totally meaningless is God didn’t exist. Kant mentioned that he thinks it’s impossible to ‘prove’ the existence of God. However if you were to say that there is a God, then he MUST exist for our morality and that certainly justifies faith in God.

There is a famous quote by Kant, which states: “Two things fill the mind with ever new and increasing admiration and awe…the starry heaven above me and the moral law within me”. What Kant means by this is, we all have objective moral laws, and these are known through internal reasoning (our own opinions and our own experiences) and external reasoning (others influence and most importantly, God’s influence). However in this quote Kant is actually referring God to a concept and not a physical being that influences you.

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Kant says that existence is not a predicate of God. Kant is known for his coin analogy. Essentially this analogy claims that 100 coins in your hand in comparison to picturing 100 coins in your hand BOTH have the same value: neither is greater. 100 coins is still 100 coins, no matter how you look at it.

Indeed, John Cardinal Newman agrees with Kant’s argument and says: “we feel responsibility, are ashamed, and are frightened at transgressing the vice of conscience, THIS implies that there is one to whom we are responsible”. For Newman, the existence of a conscience ...

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