Religion:Pharisees question and their impact on jewish life
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Explain the religious ideas of the Pharisees and their influence on Jewish life. (25) At the times of Jesus there were three main Jewish religious groups. These were called the Sadducees, the Pharisee's and the Zealots. These groups were all mentioned in the New Testament. In this essay I am going to explain the religious ideas of the Pharisees and their influence on Jewish life. The Pharisee's name means the "separate ones". I believe that it means that they would not associate themselves with people whom they believed were to be unclean such as prostitutes and people with leprosy. However, some scholars consider that their name means "the saints". This shows their importance because only people who did very good deeds and followed the laws very well became saints. The Pharisee's movement began around the second century BCE but their origin is uncertain. Many scholars have asked the question how did the Pharisees survive the destruction of the temple in Jerusalem when the Zealots had died out? The answer is simply that the beliefs of the Pharisees could be adapted into new religious life.
The information we have on the Pharisees comes from Josephus, the Mishnah and the New Testament. Josephus is a religious scholar who studied Judaism in great depths. He joined and spent time with the Pharisees, Sadducees and Essences. He was taken hostage by the Romans and witnessed the destruction of the Temple and was later taken and freed in Rome. At the time Jews were labelled as troublemakers because of the terrorists called the Zealots. Josephus settled in Rome and started a family, He was so committed to being a roman that he even gave is children roman names. After all this, towards the end of his life Josephus decided to write down all that he had witnessed throughout his lifetime. Josephus writes, "The Pharisees live thrifty, giving in to no luxury. They believe that to keep what God wished to counsel is worth fighting for". This means that they will do anything to keep Gods laws, and that they do not live in luxury. Josephus also claims that the Pharisees are very community based when he says, " Now the Pharisees love one another and practise consensus in their community."
And furthermore, you write the name of the ruler above and the name of God below, as it is written, 'And Pharaoh said, "Who is God that I should listen to his voice and let Israel go?'" (Ex. 5:2). 89. This means that they didn't see eye to eye and they did not let sinners touch the holy book because it would take away the sacredness. They also believed that they should not write the Lords name down because eventually the paper would be destroyed or burnt and this would damage his name. To conclude the main religious ideas of the Pharisees were life after death, social status, resurrection and the belief in angels and demons. I believe that The Pharisees perhaps meant to obey God, but eventually they became so devoted and extremist in parts of The Law that they became blind to the Messiah when he was in their presence. They saw his miracles, they heard his words, but instead of receiving it with joy, they did all that they could to stop him - eventually to the point of getting him killed because He truthfully claimed to be the Son of God. Kayleigh-Anne Revagliatte 12A4 Miss Povedano Explain the religious ideas of the Pharisees and their influence on Jewish life. (25)
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