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The design arguments prove Gods existence. Assess this view.

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Daryan Omar ?The design arguments prove God?s existence?. Assess this view. (30 marks) Design arguments, also sometimes known as teleological arguments, from the Greek ?Telos? for goal and ?Logos?, meaning reason, hence reasoning for a goal or purpose and that purpose being God?s existence. These arguments endeavour to ascertain God?s existence, by inferring from evidence of design and purpose in the universe, and claim that there must have been a designer of this. Design arguments start from experience, so they are a posteriori and use inductive reasoning, as we infer from a specific observation, a general conclusion. Design arguments usually point to certain examples in the universe, such as the complexity of the human body, and especially the human eye, as it works together coherently to accomplish a purpose. Also the position of the earth in relation to other astronomical factors, such as earth?s perfect positioning in relation to the sun, if it were to be just a bit further away or closer to the sun, then human life could not emerge and sustain itself; the earth?s climate consequently being too hot or too cold. Also Jupiter?s position is perfect, as it deflects a significant amount of meteorites due to its gigantic magnetic field; furthermore, the earth is also in perfect accordance to moon, as it controls the tides, which enables human life to sustain. ...read more.


The rock is one lump of material; it seems to serve no prospect or purpose. However the watch is starkly different, it possesses several parts and these parts seem to work together for a purpose, these allow the object to produce motion, but had these parts been arranged in a different way, such motion would not be produced. In Paley?s argument, the watch possesses: complexity, harmony, intelligence and purpose which, as Paley calls it, is ?spatial order?, as everything seems to be in the right place for a specific purpose to be fulfilled. Any object which exhibits such features, indicate the existence of design. Paley then says, while looking at the watch and acknowledging its implications of a designer, you turn your head and view the world, then you will come to the same conclusion. As you consider the world and its wondrous features, you realise that it is akin to the watch, in that it contains: complexity, harmony, intelligence and purpose. But this is more astounding and overwhelming in the world, and due to the exhibition of these features, it is manifested that there is a designer. Therefore, alike the watch, the universe has also been designed, by not a mere human designer, but by a far greater designer; God. ...read more.


Furthermore, Hume points out that a watch does not have enough similarities for an analogy to be made. He claims that a watch is a mechanical object, while the universe is more akin to a giant vegetable; organic, rather the mechanical. Hume?s point is beside this though, comparing the universe to a watch is just as absurd as comparing it to a vegetable, this is Hume?s greater point, as the universe is unique, so we cannot reasonably compare it to anything, both comparisons are equally flawed. On these grounds we cannot conclude that the universe has been designed. However, we compare unique things in everyday life, so it is quite unreasonable in criticising Paley for comparing a universe. In conclusion, design arguments do not prove the existence of God; however they do give insightful and interesting observations about the universe. The criticisms directed at them cut deep in their fragile condition and usually outweigh everything else about them. Also arguments that are inductive like this, start from experience and observation, and so people will interpret the universe differently. So to a religious person, the world is a wondrous creation of God which has been meticulously designed, but to an atheist, it is mere chance and evolution that things are as they are now, so there is a degree of ?seeing as? which inflicts damage to the arguments. ...read more.

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