• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

The design arguments prove Gods existence. Assess this view.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Daryan Omar ?The design arguments prove God?s existence?. Assess this view. (30 marks) Design arguments, also sometimes known as teleological arguments, from the Greek ?Telos? for goal and ?Logos?, meaning reason, hence reasoning for a goal or purpose and that purpose being God?s existence. These arguments endeavour to ascertain God?s existence, by inferring from evidence of design and purpose in the universe, and claim that there must have been a designer of this. Design arguments start from experience, so they are a posteriori and use inductive reasoning, as we infer from a specific observation, a general conclusion. Design arguments usually point to certain examples in the universe, such as the complexity of the human body, and especially the human eye, as it works together coherently to accomplish a purpose. Also the position of the earth in relation to other astronomical factors, such as earth?s perfect positioning in relation to the sun, if it were to be just a bit further away or closer to the sun, then human life could not emerge and sustain itself; the earth?s climate consequently being too hot or too cold. Also Jupiter?s position is perfect, as it deflects a significant amount of meteorites due to its gigantic magnetic field; furthermore, the earth is also in perfect accordance to moon, as it controls the tides, which enables human life to sustain. ...read more.

Middle

The rock is one lump of material; it seems to serve no prospect or purpose. However the watch is starkly different, it possesses several parts and these parts seem to work together for a purpose, these allow the object to produce motion, but had these parts been arranged in a different way, such motion would not be produced. In Paley?s argument, the watch possesses: complexity, harmony, intelligence and purpose which, as Paley calls it, is ?spatial order?, as everything seems to be in the right place for a specific purpose to be fulfilled. Any object which exhibits such features, indicate the existence of design. Paley then says, while looking at the watch and acknowledging its implications of a designer, you turn your head and view the world, then you will come to the same conclusion. As you consider the world and its wondrous features, you realise that it is akin to the watch, in that it contains: complexity, harmony, intelligence and purpose. But this is more astounding and overwhelming in the world, and due to the exhibition of these features, it is manifested that there is a designer. Therefore, alike the watch, the universe has also been designed, by not a mere human designer, but by a far greater designer; God. ...read more.

Conclusion

Furthermore, Hume points out that a watch does not have enough similarities for an analogy to be made. He claims that a watch is a mechanical object, while the universe is more akin to a giant vegetable; organic, rather the mechanical. Hume?s point is beside this though, comparing the universe to a watch is just as absurd as comparing it to a vegetable, this is Hume?s greater point, as the universe is unique, so we cannot reasonably compare it to anything, both comparisons are equally flawed. On these grounds we cannot conclude that the universe has been designed. However, we compare unique things in everyday life, so it is quite unreasonable in criticising Paley for comparing a universe. In conclusion, design arguments do not prove the existence of God; however they do give insightful and interesting observations about the universe. The criticisms directed at them cut deep in their fragile condition and usually outweigh everything else about them. Also arguments that are inductive like this, start from experience and observation, and so people will interpret the universe differently. So to a religious person, the world is a wondrous creation of God which has been meticulously designed, but to an atheist, it is mere chance and evolution that things are as they are now, so there is a degree of ?seeing as? which inflicts damage to the arguments. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Philosophy section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Philosophy essays

  1. The Ontological Argument Will Never Be Any Use In Trying To Prove Gods Existence ...

    seem as though you can define any seemingly non-existent object into existence by simply substituting it for God. The example that he gives is with the perfect island as he states it in "On behalf of the Fool", Section 6: Let's say that there is an island.

  2. Compare and contrast arguments for and against belief in life after death.

    parts; failing to see the 'wood for the trees' as some may say... Ryle advocated something known as philosophical behaviourism - all mental events are really physical events interpreted in a mental way. Thus our mind is not a separate entity but just a term meaning what we do with our physical bodies.

  1. The Ontological Argument Will Never Be Any Use In Trying To Prove Gods Existence ...

    Now, this island has an "inestimable wealth" and is much more excellent that all other islands. If someone where to say that this island exists somewhere in the ocean, it would be easy to understand and possibly accept this. However, if the person were to say "since it is more

  2. The Metamorphosis: Existence.

    To find out his likes and dislikes, she brought him an assortment to food." (Kafka 24) She gave him a reason to live. As time passed, Grete practically stops caring about her brother. She treats him differently given that, "No longer considering what she could do to give Gregor a

  1. Proof and Probability in Arguing for God's Existence.

    Testing the validity (soundness) of deductive arguments If you cannot see plainly that an argument is valid, there is a crucial test which you can apply: deny the conclusion and see if you are then being contradictory in asserting the premises.

  2. Give an account of the design arguments from Aquinas and Paley.

    Aquinas formed his own teleological analogy in his summa theologica of an archer, where the archer is pushing the arrow towards the bullseye, its final 'end'.

  1. “The Ontological argument will never be of any use when trying to prove Gods ...

    - Vardy, the puzzle of God. He agreed with St T. Aquinas who said we cannot really know what God is because He is so other for us to understand. The only thing we can really do is say what God is not for example we know God is not evil or cruel.

  2. Augustine on creation and Aquinas on the existence of God.

    a day). Yet, this method is rejected, because if one were to change the time it takes for the sun to rotate the Earth, the time allotted to a day would still remain the same, even if the sun were to set multiple times within a "days" time frame.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work