Explain the main features of the design argument for the existence of God.Science makes the design argument irrelevant assess the claim

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  1. Explain the main features of the design argument for the existence of God. (AO1 30 marks)

To begin with, there are traditional design arguments that seek to explain the existence of a God. Thomas Aquinas used design qua regularity when developing his argument.  He reasoned that everything functions to certain purpose and an inanimate object has no rational power so this indicates that an external power must have directed its purpose.   To support his argument, he argued that objects such as the earth, the moon, and the planets are somehow endowed with knowledge and intelligence, which mean determine their own place in the universe. For example, the sun and the moon did not work out their orbit for each of them. Therefore, this means someone must have directed it to their purpose. Aquinas strongly believed that the order of the solar system presents valid evidence for the existence of an external being and concluded the being is God. In addition, Aquinas featured an analogy in his argument; he argued that an arrow cannot be directed to its goal without the aid of a guiding hand (archer)

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William Paley took a different approach in explaining the existence of God. The first part of his arguments was design qua regularity. Paley used a simple analogy when developing his design argument.  If we were to find a pocket watch, we would presume that all its parts were put together for a certain purpose and did not come to existence by chance. So someone must have designed the watch for its purpose.  Taking that into account, when we observe the world, we conclude that there is design, because of the way things fit together for its purpose. Paley also used ...

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