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the purpose of marriage in islam

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Introduction

PURPOSE OF MARRIAGE Nature has so arranged that man and woman are attracted to each other. This natural attraction brings them together and they lead a common life and form a family. This natural tendency, the instinct of sex, should be guided to the right direction so that it may be utilized in the service of humanity. Though the common life of a husband and wife originates from the sexual instinct, it gradually develops into a seep, spiritual, sentimental, social and economic relationship. That is what Islam calls matrimony. Islam has attached great importance to the question of marriage in its social system. In the Holy Quran and the sayings of the Holy Prophet we find that marriage has been greatly encouraged. Prophet Muhammad (s.a.w.) said: 'No institution of Islam is liked by Allah more than that of marriage. The basic objectives of marriage in Islam are, first, securing a comfortable atmosphere for a husband and wife and, second, producing a new generation of healthy, faithful and virtuous children. With regard to the first objective, the Holy Quran says: "One of His signs is that He created for you spouses of your own species, so that you might find comfort with them. And He put mutual love and affection in your hearts. Surely in this there are lessons for the thinking people" (30:21) ...read more.

Middle

Islam teaches the human-being to be responsible in all his decisions and actions. The Holy Quran and the saying of Prophet Muhammad (s.a.w.) continuously remind Muslims of their duties and obligation to one another. The application of these teachings begins in the home, among members of the family. This is why the institution of marriage is so highly regarded in Islam. The Holy Prophet said: "When a person marries, he has completed half of his religious obligations." Importance of Marriage in Islam Allah has created men and women as company for one another, and so that they can procreate and live in peace and tranquillity according to the commandments of Allah and the directions of His Messenger. The Qur'an says: And among His signs is this, that He created for you mates from among yourselves, that you may dwell in tranquillity with them, and He has put love and mercy between your hearts. Undoubtedly in these are signs for those who reflect. (30:21) And Allah has made for you your mates of your own nature, and made for you, out of them, sons and daughters and grandchildren, and provided for you sustenance of the best. (16:72) These verses of the Noble Qur'an clearly show that in contrast to other religions like Christianity, Buddhism, Judaism etc. which consider celibacy or monasticism as a great virtue and a means of salvation, Islam considers marriage as one of the most virtuous and approved institutions. ...read more.

Conclusion

Allah says: "Among His signs is that he created for you wives from among yourselves that you may find comfort in them, and He has put between you affection and mercy." An important purpose of marriage in Islam is to take comfort in companionship and to bring about happiness. Allah says: "It is He who created you from a single person and then created from him his wife so he might take comfort in living with her." Allah also says: "They are garments for you and you are garments for them." Marriage, in Islam is established on the basis of mutual consent and free choice. Allah says: "Do not prevent them from marrying their former husbands if they mutually agree on a reasonable basis." Allah also says: "Do not retain them to harm them. Whoever does that has wronged himself." And: "O you who believe, it is not lawful for you to inherit women against their will." The management of family affairs and decision-making within the family are accomplished in Islam through mutual consultation and shared responsibility. Allah says: "Let each of you accept the advice of the other in a just way." One particular family issue where we find that the Qur'´┐Żn calls to mutual consultation and consent is the question of when a nursing child should be weaned. Allah says: "If they both decide on weaning by mutual consent and consultation, there is no sin on them." ...read more.

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