• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Utilitarianism is a useful method of making moral decisions. Discuss.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

"Utilitarianism is a useful method of making moral decisions." Discuss. It is logical to agree that utilitarianism is a useful method for making moral decisions for many reasons. Firstly, Utilitarianism is useful as it is a teleological ethic, so there are no exact rules. Humans naturally base their actions on what the consequences will be, so it is easy to adhere to this kind of ethics. Moreover, considering the results seems warmer and personal, as deontological arguments can be cold and rigid (e.g. ...read more.

Middle

In contrast, Utilitarianism is a useful method for making moral decisions as it is applicable to all religions, cultures and beliefs, as all people believe that happiness should be aimed for and pain should be avoided. Furthermore, there is no need for extra knowledge or special wisdom as it is based on common sense and reason, which almost everyone else can do. It also treats everyone as equal, there are no special considerations. As it is worldwide, its usefulness is increased as it isn't exclusive and can be applied by everyone. ...read more.

Conclusion

It leaves no room for individual tastes, or for some people to value highly something that others might think is of no account at all. Lastly, another benefit of Utilitarianism when considering moral decisions is that At times utilitarianism advocates self-sacrifice, honesty and justice - all things that we value in moral terms. It tends to adhere to worldwide ideas on morality. However, it makes people do the right things for the wrong reasons. Furthermore, It treats people as means to an end, which the philosopher Kant was wholly against. In conclusion, I believe that Utilitarianism is a useful method for decision making, as it allows people to have balanced democratic morality that promoted general happiness in society. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Philosophy section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Philosophy essays

  1. Natural law is the most reliable approach when making judgements about sex and relationships. ...

    For example; of sex before marriage being one of these views. For some this idea in which natural law is out of date will mean that for them natural law really isn't the best approach especially when making judgements about sex and relationships.

  2. Nietzsche and Mill on Conventional Morality

    We live in the capitalist society that the new masters need in order to keep their power. The upshot of which is that we all work for somebody else, and are reliant on somebody else to survive. Very few of us are not dependant on a corporation that is ultimately owned by a rich 'master' businessman.

  1. Utilitarianism. Utilitarianism is an unfair system of ethics which could not work in the ...

    He was born in London and lived at a time of great scientific and social change. With revolutions in France and America, demands were being made for human rights and greater democracy. Bentham worked on legal reform and wrote The Principles of Morals and Legislation (1789), in which he put forward his ethical theory.

  2. There are many arguments for and against Utilitarianism and whether it provides an adequate ...

    First of all how can one measure happiness and decide which action would result in the greatest happiness for everyone involved? Then there is the question of scope. How far does someone look in deciding who is involved and who would be affected by the action?

  1. 'It pays to be moral.' Discuss. (30)

    They claim there is a host of evidence supporting altruistic actions that cannot be said to engage the self-interest of the agent however psychological egoists may claim that the ultimate motives of acts can never be completely altruistic and always have a self-interested component, e.g.

  2. Discuss the characteristics of the scientific method which makes it superior over other methods ...

    This is merely an educated guess. You examine the literature on the subject and gather as much knowledge from books as possible to begin to arrive at an answer. This tentative answer...this best educated guess...is your hypothesis. There is one important aspect to the hypothesis. It must be rejectable.

  1. Discuss the usefulness of studying philiosophy.

    In this essay I will attempt to demonstrate the practicality, usefulness, and relevance of Philosophy in our daily lives, and to show the dramatic impact it has had on the way I view things now. Firstly, let us define the term 'Philosophy'.

  2. Critically discuss utilitarianism

    dialysis machines, heart donors etc. The patient with the highest number of worthwhile years left with the treatment would expect the treatment but there is a problem in this concept about whether the patient's consequences should be considered or also the effect on families involved.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work