• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

"Anorexia Nervosa cannot be satisfactorily accounted for by any single model of abnormality" - discuss

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

"Anorexia Nervosa cannot be satisfactorily accounted for by any single model of abnormality" Anorexia is a condition disputed by psychologists in attempts to find a cause for the problem. Anorexia is when an individual chooses to emaciate themselves in order to be thin. There are two main types of reasoning behind such behaviour. The biological and psychological explanation. Of course, there are many forms of branched out explanations within these, and the two of which that I shall be exploring are the genetic justification (in terms of biological) and the behaviourist approach, for the psychological relation. Biological psychologists believe that human behaviour and what makes us do what we do, is all down to genes. With the new advance in recent science, genes are becoming a more popular reasoning to many psychological issues. Anorexia nervosa for one. The genetic approach proclaims that the cause for anorexia is to do with genes: i.e. ...read more.

Middle

This is part of behaviourism of which I shall study later on. In terms of reasonability, the genetic link between family members suffering from anorexia seems to be weak. Though it can be part of the reason or perhaps only accurate for only a very few, it cannot be wholly responsible for everyone who suffers from this eating disorder. A problem with this reasoning as being the "answer" is that there is then no blame of self. Because the condition is 'purely' biological, the individual is then rendered hopeless and vulnerable to the disorder, as they are not in control of what is in their genes. It can also provide an 'excuse' so that the subject is unable, or unwilling to become better. Psychologically, behaviourists look at how the environment and outside influences have shaped and created an individual. Predominantly in western cultures, the size of "beauty" in terms of celebrity and media has dramatically decreased in the last couple of decades. ...read more.

Conclusion

The compliments were associated to feeling good and losing weight. The compliments are no longer there, and so one would assume the feeling good should have dissolved, and due to operant conditioning, the sufferer would learn to break the habit. It is true that operant does sometimes work on promoting weight gain in some people, by if this concept was accurate, then why doesn't everyone with anorexia respond in the same way? "Anorexia Nervosa cannot be satisfactorily accounted for by any single model of abnormality" It is true that anorexia cannot be the result of one cause, as we have looked at two versions of reasoning behind the condition and both explanations still leave gaps where logic or situation does not fit. Each explanation gives a valid justification to anorexia, but the problem still cannot be solved by one account of psychology. The answer may be that it is a mixture of perhaps several models of abnormality, but the fact is that anorexia nervosa is too complex and too different in every case to be the epitome of one explanation. Lena Tran: PSY7 ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Genetics, Evolution & Biodiversity section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Genetics, Evolution & Biodiversity essays

  1. The Biology of Autistic Spectrum Disorder and the Social Implications

    For many, this limitation is due to the locality of dissatisfied parents. In rural Wales, many children have to travel for over 45 minutes just to get to a specialist school that can support autistic children. 27% of autistic children in Wales are affected in this way, as they have to travel to a school outside their locality.

  2. An Investigation into the effect of flow rate on the size of Gammarus pulex

    To mark out area to 'kick sample' in. 0.50m by 0.50m metal quadrats 1.00m by 1.00m metal quadrants. 0.50 x 0.50m quadrat. Quadrat not used. This would give me a clear indication of which and how much area to kick in. The quadrat is also small so the speed of water flow does not vary within the area enclosed by the quadrant.

  1. Investigate patterns of inheritance for a single characteristic such as body colour of Drosophila ...

    A vial containing the males and the vial containing the females were both treated as follows. The vial was firmly tapped on the bench to ensure all the flies were at the bottom of the vial. Swiftly and efficiently the foam bung was removed and replaced with a cork, with

  2. Biological Model of Abnormality

    Yet the twins with the same genes would have shared the same environment, so this could be to blame rather than the twins having the same genes. Furthermore many other weaknesses are associated with the biological model. With the study for the MZ and DZ twins there is never a

  1. Cell Theory - Discuss the theory that living organisms are composed of cells.

    Transparency: - reactant in photosynthesis and digestion - cushions cells by occupying spaces in between - lubricant to reduce friction Cohesion Tension Theory: - water adheres to cell walls in xylem - water coheres to itself in xylem, causing tension (H-bonding)

  2. Biological explanation for anorexia nervosa (Holland et al, 1988): Evidence for a faulty gene.

    * Since concordance rates for MZ twins were not 100%, faulty genes are unlikely to explain all of the cases. Alternatively, a faulty gene may still be present in the non-sufferers, leaving them vulnerable to developing the disorder, but it does not develop unless some other factor triggers it eg.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work