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Biotechnology Its Applications and Effects on Global Society

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Introduction

Biotechnology It's Applications and Effects on Global Society Biotechnology can also increase the production of crops such as rice by Biotechnology is a collection of techniques such as genetic engineering and fermentation aimed at solving real problems. It can feed the hungry, make short people taller and in the future provide cures for incurable diseases. Biotechnology will change the way human beings live their lives and how they think about the world. There are also many social and ethical issues surrounding the use of biotechnology. In this report, applications of biotechnology in the areas of agriculture and health care are discussed, as well as the impacts of biotechnology on society. In the 1970's experiments began with genetic engineering. Although scientists were only experimenting with bacteria there was a rush of public concern as the first scientific investigations were published. Many people thought that changing genes in microorganisms was an introduction to experiments on animals and possibly humans. Society believed that if genetic engineers could alter genes, then they could influence human characteristics, both physically and mentally. ...read more.

Middle

Traditionally plant breeders had to rely on the natural reproduction of plants by selecting, crossing and back breeding crops. This process took many months and even years for the entire breeding cycle to complete. As well as being time consuming, it was also very limited, as genetic mixes could only be interbred. Now, with modern genetic processes, genes no longer need to be sorted and mixed randomly. Genetic engineers can take specific genes from a variety of sources and eliminate any unfavourable genes with adverse effects. This method is much quicker and precise than the traditional way of breeding new plant varieties. Improving Livestock Preventing infectious disease in agricultural animals is the main focus in animal healthcare. This is done by the development of vaccines. A vaccine can be produced in a number of ways. * The antigen (the part of the infectious microorganism that stimulates an immune response) can be separated from the pathogen (the part that causes disease) and injected into the animal. * The genetic code for the antigen can be transferred into a harmless organism and used as a vaccine. ...read more.

Conclusion

The choice Biotechnology is one of the world fastest growing, scientific research areas. The areas in which it could potentially improve our way of life and influence our global evolution will be great. For its rewards to be reaped, we as a society need to be conscious of all the choices that are made about areas such as the ones discussed in this report, to ensure that we are not only exploring new horizons and finding better ways of doing things, but also protecting the rights of people and their lives. Biotechnology will only influence society in a positive way if it is used correctly. Some people see it as compromising the sanctuary of life however others believe it to be a saviour, having the potential to cure diseases and save the lives of thousands. The way it is used will inevitably be in the hands of our society so it is up to us to make the choice; to except what is done, or question its ethics. As long as Biotechnology is used correctly it will help society, not hinder it. One of the patients that may be helped by the use of biotechnology to produce sub-unit vaccines. ?? ?? ?? ?? Casey Campleman S4 ...read more.

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