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Cervical Cancer Vaccine. I decided to speak to a professional to obtain their opinion on the Cervical Cancer vaccine. I contacted my local surgery and spoke to one of their doctors.

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Introduction

AS Biology Coursework Cervical Cancer Glossary Page 1 - The problem A possible solution - The Cervical Cancer Vaccine How the vaccine works Page 2 - How effective is the vaccine? A professional's opinion Page 3 - Implications Page 4 - Alternative solutions to the Cervical Cancer Vaccine Page 5 - Alternative solutions to the Cervical Cancer Vaccine (continued) Page 6 - References and Bibliography Cervical Cancer The Problem Cervical Cancer is the second most common cancer in women under 35 years old. It is the leading cause of cancer death for women in developing countries. About 2,900 women are diagnosed with cervical cancer in the UK each year; in 2007 alone Cervical cancer caused 941 deaths in the UK.[1] Overall, 2 out of every 100 cancers diagnosed in women are cervical cancers. Human papilloma virus (HPV) is the major cause of the main types of cervical cancer - squamous cell cancer and adenocarcinoma. There are over 100 different types of human papilloma virus (HPV) and two of these types cause 70% of the cases of Cervical Cancer. Up to 8 out of 10 people (80%) in the UK are infected with the HPV virus at some time during their lifetime. ...read more.

Middle

This graph shows that the number of deaths from Measles, Scarlet Fever, Typhoid, Whooping Cough and Diphtheria were dramatically reduced when vaccines concerning these infectious diseases were introduced. [7] Implications Safety of the vaccine Studies show that the vaccine is extremely safe as there are no live viruses in the vaccine. The vaccine underwent extensive safety checks before it was introduced. However, the risk of severe, life-threatening reactions after immunisation has been estimated at about one per million vaccine doses. It is not clear whether death is a result of a reaction to the vaccine, or to an underlying health condition that the patient already had. It could even have been a psychological response to the vaccine; where patients believe they have had symptoms when in fact no physical reaction to the vaccine has occurred. Costs of the vaccine The Cervical Cancer vaccine is not cheap, per patient the vaccine costs around �300, which is delivered as three injections over a six-month period. The immunisation of 12- and 13-year-olds will cost �100m a year and the catch-up campaign for girls under 18 will cost up to �200m a year. ...read more.

Conclusion

Smoking combined with an HPV infection can actually accelerate cervical dysplasia. 3. Limiting the amount of sexual partners you have and using a condom - Studies have shown women who have an increased number of sexual partners have an increased risk of developing cervical cancer. They also are increasing their risk of developing HPV, a known cause for cervical cancer. Studies have also shown that having unprotected sex puts you at risk for HIV and other STD's which can increase your risk factor for developing cervical cancer. Therefore having protected sex will decrease the risk of developing cervical cancer. 1. Evaluation I think the sources I used are reliable as they are from professional websites including Cancer Research UK and the Gynaecologic Cancer Foundation. My non-web source is a NHS booklet and I also got the opinion of a doctor, which is a reliable source as he possesses expertise in this field of knowledge. My opinion on the solutions for Cervical Cancer Females are very fortunate that Cervical Cancer can now be prevented from developing. However it is important not to rely on just one possible solution for Cervical Cancer. Different solutions, for example having the vaccination and also having regular Pap smear tests, need to be combined to get the best results and to maintain good health. ...read more.

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