• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Enzymes in medicine

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Enzymes in medicine Enzymes can be used in medicines to cure diseases: Pancreas Enzyme A tablet that is taken and contains digestive enzymes to help break down and digest fats, starch and proteins in food. It is used in conditions when the pancreas can not make or does not release enough digestive enzymes into the small intestine to digest the food. The enzymes are in a special capsule to stop them being digested in your stomach. Streptokinase If you have a heart attack this enzyme is injected to dissolve blood clots in the arteries of the heart wall and reduces the amount of damage done to your heart. ...read more.

Middle

Also enzymes can be used to help prevent disease, in this case enzymes are not being used to prevent in but the absence of the particular enzyme is what may be crucial: Cancer A new enzyme has been identified and scientists say it helps cancer to spread around the body. Cancer metastasis, where the cancer spreads from its original location, is known to be responsible for 90% of cancer-related deaths. Institute of Cancer Research scientists have found that an enzyme called LOX is crucial in promoting metastasis, Cancer Cell journal reports. ...read more.

Conclusion

Lead researcher Dr Janine Erler described the discovery as "the crucial missing piece in the jigsaw that scientists have been searching for." She said it was the first time one key enzyme has been identified as responsible for effectively allowing the cancer to spread. "If we can interrupt the body's ability to prepare new locations for the cancer to spread to, we can effectively prevent cancer metastasis. Dr Julie Sharp, Cancer Research UK's science information manager, said: "A better understanding of how cancer spreads is crucial to improving the treatment of the disease. This research takes scientists a step closer to understanding this major problem - the next stage will be to find out if the LOX protein can be switched off to stop cancer spreading." ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Exchange, Transport & Reproduction section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Exchange, Transport & Reproduction essays

  1. The problem of rising deaths due to Malaria in Mumbai, India

    This could also be due to the idea that many migrants are carrying malaria with them into Mumbai, and many of the migrants work on the construction site. What is Malaria? Malaria is a disease that is caused by Plasmodium, a parasite carried by a female Anopheles mosquito.

  2. Optimal Conditions For Everyday Enzymes

    The reason for this is; an enzyme made for household use should work best at the pH of a readily available liquid, such as water, which has a pH near 7. Apparatus Materials * 1-500mL beaker ? Distilled water * 4-250mL beakers ?

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work