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Enzymes in medicine

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Enzymes in medicine Enzymes can be used in medicines to cure diseases: Pancreas Enzyme A tablet that is taken and contains digestive enzymes to help break down and digest fats, starch and proteins in food. It is used in conditions when the pancreas can not make or does not release enough digestive enzymes into the small intestine to digest the food. The enzymes are in a special capsule to stop them being digested in your stomach. Streptokinase If you have a heart attack this enzyme is injected to dissolve blood clots in the arteries of the heart wall and reduces the amount of damage done to your heart. ...read more.


Also enzymes can be used to help prevent disease, in this case enzymes are not being used to prevent in but the absence of the particular enzyme is what may be crucial: Cancer A new enzyme has been identified and scientists say it helps cancer to spread around the body. Cancer metastasis, where the cancer spreads from its original location, is known to be responsible for 90% of cancer-related deaths. Institute of Cancer Research scientists have found that an enzyme called LOX is crucial in promoting metastasis, Cancer Cell journal reports. ...read more.


Lead researcher Dr Janine Erler described the discovery as "the crucial missing piece in the jigsaw that scientists have been searching for." She said it was the first time one key enzyme has been identified as responsible for effectively allowing the cancer to spread. "If we can interrupt the body's ability to prepare new locations for the cancer to spread to, we can effectively prevent cancer metastasis. Dr Julie Sharp, Cancer Research UK's science information manager, said: "A better understanding of how cancer spreads is crucial to improving the treatment of the disease. This research takes scientists a step closer to understanding this major problem - the next stage will be to find out if the LOX protein can be switched off to stop cancer spreading." ...read more.

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