• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Industrial Uses

Extracts from this document...


Enzymes:Industrial Uses by Alex Higgs 12 SC Welcome to Enzymes essay,here I will go through various uses of enzymes and descriptions. Enzymes are one of the important parts of biological processes.Most reactions can use enzymes as a biological catalyst and therefore speeding the reaction and making the whole process a breeze.There are many uses of Enzymes ,but in this essay I will pay most attention to industrial uses.Before I go any further,I d like to briefly describe key points of enzymes... Enzymes are... * Very large, complex protein molecules consisting of intertwined chains of amino acids * Formed within the cells of all living creatures, plants, fungi, bacteria, and microscopic single cell organisms * Highly biodegradable and pose no threat to the environment * Catalysts at work all around us in nature, our bodies, and in industry * Inanimate chemical compounds, though they are found in all living cells * Categorized according to the compounds they act upon. ...read more.


Granulated proteases, amylases, and lipases break down starch and fatty stains. Cellulases are included for the depilling, color brightening, and softening of cotton garments being washed. * Fats & Oils... modification of lecithins and syntheses of specialty fats and oils * Leather... soaking of hides and skins, unhairing, bating, and defatting. * Personal Care... biotechnology ingredients for personal care products. * Protein... improvement of nutritional and functional properties of animal and vegetable proteins. Development of flavor bases based on proteins. * Pulp & Paper... control of pitch problems. Reduction of chlorine consumption in pulp, bleaching, viscosity control in starch-based coatings, de-inking for recycling programs. * Starch... production of dextrose, fructose, and special syrups for the baking,confectionery, and soft drink industries Theres a very popular reference to the book called 'Industrial Enzymes and their applications' by a german research scientist Helmut Uhlig.I have taken a sneek peak into this book,and found many useful information particularly about Industrial Enzymes and their uses.Many interesting facts of enzymes are fascinating,I decided to give a sneek preview of this book contains: Types of ...read more.


Such biocatalysts should have improved properties with regard to stability, product yields, substrate specificity and suitability to be employed in non-conventional solvent systems. There are many more valuable uses of enzymes,and that makes this biocatalyst particularly attractive to mass production industry,some people are complaining against enzymes being present in their detergents,washing powders,and therefore a new name non-bio came out,which avoids enzymes,which I look at as an absolute waste of time (my personal opinion). Heres another fermentation machine that does the following : Biochemicals: Amino acids Citric acid Enzymes Vitamins Transformations of steriods Industrial chemicals Foodstuffs: Baking Dairy products Condiments This machine is obviosly for sale from american company,and I dont want to look at the prices there,cuz this machine can do so many products,so of course its vital to have one of em for big companys ,generally for food companies. To sum the whole thing up,enzymes are unique substances,which are very useful as a biological catalyst,and they are harmless to nature ,as they are highly biodegradable.Enzymes have numerous uses ,including industry mass productions,there are many machines that have been developed that can do countless processes with enzymes,and make technology as it should be,a 100% useful... ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Molecules & Cells section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Molecules & Cells essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    How does the concentration of enzymes affect the breakdown of starch by a-amylase in ...

    4 star(s)

    In this mechanism, when a substrate molecule comes into close proximity with an enzyme molecule, the enzyme molecule enfolds the substrate and changes its shape accordingly, so that the enzyme takes up its most effective shape once the substrate has bonded with the active site of the enzyme.

  2. Follicular development

    (Endocrinology 1996). IGF-1, IGF-1r (IGF-1 receptors), and FSH receptors, found in granulosa cells of small growing follicles and preovulatory follicles, play critical roles in the development of the follicles. FSH receptors or the FSH-� subunits are important for follicular growth as demonstrated by Burns and colleagues (2001), in which the

  1. The Application of Enzymes in Industry and Medicine.

    Milk is an important dietary component and can be made lactose free by passage down a column packed with yeast lactase immobilised on fibres of cellulose acetate. There is very rarely a top athlete that has not received enzyme therapy. They are recommended supplements to aid quick recovery after injury.

  2. Cost effectiveness of mainstream bench cleaners against generic supermarket cleaners on the number of ...

    a cleaner on an agar plate that has already been inoculated with bacteria. This will be done after serial dilutions and a viable count. I will then repeat the same process with the other cleaners and incubate them all along with a control agar, which has been inoculated with bacteria

  1. Spreadsheet cwk sandwich shop prices

    Open the '2006 GCSE' folder then follow these steps: * Click on the excel file called 'fillings' * A spreadsheet should appear with fields * Highlight the fields then copy it * Open a new Microsoft Excel and paste it onto the third row * When finished, make the columns

  2. Production of Alcohol by Fermentation

    Now you must filter the contents of the beaker using the filter paper and the funnel and the beads should remain in the filter paper, you should then rinse the beads with the distilled water. 7. Now carefully tip the beads into the other 250cm� flask containing apple juice.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work