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The use of enzymes industrial processes

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Introduction

The use of enzymes industrial processes 2. An enzyme is a substance that acts as a catalyst in living organisms, regulating the rate at which chemical reactions proceed without itself being altered in the process. Enzymes are used in industrial processes such as: Baking, Brewing, Detergents, Fermented products, Pharmaceuticals, Textiles, Starch processing. Here are a range of processes showing how enzymes are used Use in Baking-1 The wheat flour used to make bread contains naturally occurring enzymes that change the starch, protein and fibre in the flour when water is added. Yeast added to the mixture also contains enzymes, which ferment the maltose over time, to make the dough rise. The interaction between different enzymes is complex and the wrong mixture of enzymes can be damaging, for example, too much enzyme usually results in the failure of the bread to rise properly. The advantages of using enzymes is that they can improve consistency and efficiency and they enable better handling of the dough and the control of certain characteristics in the finished bread. ...read more.

Middle

The desired flavour and colour of citrus juices depends on the insoluble, cloudy materials of the pressed juice. The pectin component is manipulated requiring a balance between pectin methyl esterase, to promote cloudiness by increasing the pectin/calcium complex formation and polygalacturonase to break cloudiness by depolymerisation of the pectin. The application of enzymes in these processes is superficial. The advantages of using enzymes in fruit juices is you can get a desired flavour and colour in a certain fruit juice Use in Washing Powders-1 Protease digests on organic stains such as grass, blood, egg and human sweat and lipases are effective on stains resulting from fatty products and amylases are effective on removing starchy food deposits. Some powders contain cellulase to brighten colours and soften fabrics. Protease and amylase are also effective in dishwasher detergents, to remove food particles. The advantages of using enzymes in washing powders is that they are environmentally friendly with fewer bleaching agents and phosphates, and have beneficial effects on public and environmental health. ...read more.

Conclusion

� Therapeutic enzymes: Enzymes are sometimes used as medicines to replace enzyme deficiencies in patients like is the use of blood clotting factors to treat haemophilia, or the opposite where proteases are used to degrade fibrin; to prevent the formation of dangerous blood clots. Nuclease is a possible therapy for cystic fibrosis, but it is not clear how commercialized and therapeutically successful this has been. � Proteases are used to clean wounds and therefore accelerate the healing process. � Drug manufacture: The chemical synthesis of complex drugs is often difficult and companies turn to enzymes to perform chemical conversions 2.To conclude enzymes are used by industry and medicine because of their catalytic abilities, which ensure that throughout any reaction they remain unchanged and can be used again and again. Enzymes are useful because they can be used in minimal quantities and keep costs down. In medicine, they are useful because they are specific because they only act on a particular substrate, and so avoid side effects when used on a patient. Use of enzymes in industry and medicine is highly ethical, socially desirable and beneficial, economically efficient and represents an advance in modern technological processes. ...read more.

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