• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Assess the strengths and limitations of experiments for the study of labelling in schools.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

´╗┐Julita Wegrzyn Using material from Item A and elsewhere assess the strengths and limitations of experiments for the study of labelling in schools. Sociologists claim that many teachers? approach towards pupils of different groups has significant effects which lead to labelling, the self- fulfilling prophecy and unequal achievement. Various experiments may be used in order to investigate these ?expectancy effects? such as field and laboratory experiments. Harvey & Slatin in 1976 have used laboratory experiments to investigate teacher expectations. They examined whether teachers held fixed ideas about pupils of different social classes. Teachers were presented with photographs of children from different social class backgrounds. Teachers were then asked to rate the children on their performance, parental attitudes to education, aspirations and so on. ...read more.

Middle

One third was told that the boy was poorly motivated with a low IQ and One third was given no information. The study has shown that the high expectancy group made more eye contact and gave out more encouraging body language than the low expectancy group. One limitation of this investigation is that there is an ethical concern as real pupils have been used and there was lack of informed consent, problem with deception and psychological damage as young people are vulnerable and their ability to understand what is happening is limited. Strength to this study is that lab experiments usually examine one specific aspect of teacher expectations such as body language this is useful as it allows the researcher to isolate and examine this variable more thoroughly. ...read more.

Conclusion

The research design was simple and easy to repeat therefore it was of high reliability which is an advantage. However this research could be lacking validity as the researchers did not carry out any observation of classroom interaction so they had no data to support their claim. There was also lack of broader focus as Rosenthal and Jacobson did not look at the whole labelling process from teacher expectations through to their effect on pupils rather than just examining single elements in isolation. Using Laboratory ecxperiments in education means that the participants are not in their normal or natural environment this means that any behaviour that may occur is also unnatural or artificial. This is a weakness as the data collected will then be invalid. On the other hand field experiments take place in the subject?s natural surroundings. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Sociological Differentiation & Stratification section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Sociological Differentiation & Stratification essays

  1. Demography topic revision notes. The study of populations and their characteristics is called ...

    and almost as many again arriving from continental Europe. Despite this, however, a series of immigration and nationality acts from 1962 to 1990 placed severe restrictions on non-white immigration. By the 1980s, non-whites accounted for little more than a quarter of all immigrants, while the predominantly white countries of the

  2. An investigation into people(TM)s belief about Hell

    Karl Marx provides the viewpoint that religion is 'the opiate of the people' as it teaches that the bourgeoisie deserve their place at the top of society and that the proletariat should be content with their place, it also,

  1. THE MIDDLE CLASS AS A FIELD OF ETHNOLOGICAL STUDY

    This group is particularly introverted, spending-oriented, neurotic, unadventurous, traditional and lacking in confidence. They are also ambitious, family-oriented, religious and nationalistic.... And, after discussing the consumer preferences of the NQTs, the article goes on to say: The NQTs have a lower average income than the Upper Echelons.

  2. As stated in my rationale I am going to look at labelling based on ...

    Also they expected boys to do better in exams and the job market. She found that teachers' views were echoed by the views of their pupils. She asked both boys and girls to rank their classes in order of ability, boys tended to upgrade and girls tended to downgrade.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work