• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Critically examine the Marxist perspective on today's society

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

´╗┐Critically examine Marxist perspective on today?s society (33 marks) The Marxist perspective is based on the works of Karl Marx and argues that society is divided into two classes; the upper class, referred to as the bourgeoisie, and the working class, referred to as the proletariat. According to Marxism, the bourgeoisie exploit the proletariat by making them work long hours with little rewards, whilst they receive all the benefits ? this is what Marx referred to as capitalism. In this capitalist system, the working class experience a false class consciousness; this is where they are not aware of the fact that they are being exploited by the ruling class. Marx claimed that the only way to resolve this conflict between the two classes is by evolving from a capitalist society into a communist society, where everyone is equal. ...read more.

Middle

However, many sociologists argue that this idea created by Marx cannot be applied to today?s society due to the fact that a revolution has not occurred. Although there have been some revolutions in the past within some societies, such as in Russia, they have not occurred in all societies. Also, Marx?s idea of communism being better than capitalism has been questioned by many sociologists, especially within today?s society; some societies which are communist, such as China, are seen to be ?oppressing? to its members. This due to the fact that the members of communist societies do not have a say in their government?s actions and are monitored on a daily basis when they use certain forms of media, such as the internet. Therefore Marx?s idea that communism would result in a better society cannot be applied to today?s society. ...read more.

Conclusion

This model can be applied to today?s society as it acknowledges aspects of society which play a huge role in contempory society, unlike Marx?s model of the superstructure and base. Therefore, the Marxist perspective cannot be applied to today?s society as it is seen as outdated. Marcuse, a neo-Marxist sociologist, argued that Marx failed to acknowledge the role that the media plays within capitalist societies. Therefore, according to neo-Marxists, Marxism cannot be applied to today?s society, where the media plays a huge role in the socialisation of many people. Overall, in conclusion, the Marxist approach is a valid approach which has helped people within society to see that they are living in a capitalist society which exploits the working class; however, some of its idea are outdated and cannot be applied to today?s society. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Sociological Differentiation & Stratification section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Sociological Differentiation & Stratification essays

  1. How did Marx conceive the transition from capitalism to communism?

    The differences for females depending on the status of the vehicle are shown only to be small. Overall the high status vehicle induces a longer duration of road rage. The gender main effect shows that females spend less time making verbal road rage reactions compared to males, when the vehicle

  2. Corrupt Societies

    In the other world, Philip K. Dick created a society of humans and androids that are confused, paranoid and so lost to even notice how to move forward in life. In this world, having a certain kind of real, authentic pet is a sign of a person's status.

  1. Health and Society

    and eradicating any social factors/influences that could be possible in an individual's life. Also it very much emphasises that Illness and disease can only be identified and treated by doctors via drugs and if need be surgery. By taking this model onboard as we very much do in the western

  2. fabric of society

    These statistics are not completely accurate because many crimes are not reported so they escape from official statistics. The British crime survey conducts household surveys in order to get accurate figures. The BHS show crimes that are reported but are not recorded by the police, and crimes that have not

  1. Ethnic relations in Singapore.

    The current composition of students in some school does not provide conditions that are conducive for diverse cultural-exchange. Parents need cultural knowledge and competence to raise their children in an increasingly multicultural world. Community development personnel and organizers should develop some cross-cultural programmes for children and youths in local settings.

  2. Evaluate Marxist and Neo-Marxist beliefs about society

    Marxists believe that religion would therefore be destroyed in an equal state, for example communism, however religion survived in communist Russia and Catholicism in communist Poland showing that the Neo-Marxist?s and Functionalist?s view of people uniting together under religion may be more valid.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work