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Difference and similarities between 2 societies - China and the UK

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The Similarities and Difference Between Chinese an British Societies ----Kevin(Tingjun Ye) The modes of life and social organizations property of the modern world are revolutionary different from those of even the recent past. In some regions, such as North America, Australia and, which were only sparse populated by hunting and gathering communities, Europeans became the majority population. In other areas, including much of Asia, Africa and South America, the local populations remained in the majority. 1 Societies of the first of these forms, including the Britain, have become industrialized. Those in the second types are mainly at a much lower state of industrial development and are always classified as less developed societies, or the developing world such as China. 2This essay will discuss the similarities and differences between Chinese and British societies in the role of cultures, norms, values and inequality in social organization. For UK, it is based on industrial production and generally free enterprise. Majority of people live in towns and cities, just a few work in rural agricultural area. For China, majority of the population work in agriculture, and mostly using the traditional methods. Some agriculture products are sold on world markets. The most difference between Chinese and British economic system Chinese economic system is centrally planned.3 Culture, which is an integrated pattern of human belief, knowledge, and behavior influences every society. ...read more.


Result from the different cultures, the values between Chinese and British are quite different. For British, "the most commonly chosen values were respect for the law (57%) and tolerance and politeness towards others (56%). Other commonly cited values were equality of opportunity (38%), freedom of speech or expression (36%) and that everyone should speak English (36%)."5 In politics area, Britain is not perfectly democratic even in the late 1990s." People in Britain are still described as "subjects" of the monarch as opposed to being 'citizens', and(in 1999) non-elected hereditary peers in the house of lords could block legislation which had been voted through within the House of Commons." 6Unlike China, the power of British different social establishment are not officially specified in a written constitution which means that the powers of government of Britain are extremely far-reaching, since they are not limited by a written constitution that might protect individual rights.7 The similarity between China and British politics is that people generally obey the state, not because state directives are particularly popular or just or even sensible,but because they are the law. The most significant power of the British and Chinese government is the almost unlimited ability to make and to enforce laws. Another major power is the governments are easy to raise very large sums of money, especially the Chinese government that it can also contribute the whole nation into one thing. ...read more.


However, the long-term cultural heritage make the both society also have a lot of difference. REFERENCE LISTS SOCIAL NORMS. AVAILABLE AT HTTP://WWW.NESOCHINA.ORG/DUTCH-STUDENTS/PREPARING-YOUR-STAY/SOCIAL-NORMS. [ACCESSED 03 FEB 2012] NICHOLAS ABERCROMBIE AND ALAN WARDE(2000). CONTEMPORARY BRITISH SOCIETY. POLITY PRESS. GIDDENS(2006). SOCIOLOGY. POLITY PRESS CHERYL LLOYD, NATCEN. 2009. 2007-08 CITIZENSHIP SURVEY: IDENTITY AND VALUES TOPIC REPORT. COMMUNITIES AND LOCAL GOVERNMENT. AUGUST 2009. AVAILABLE AT HTTP://WWW.COMMUNITIES.GOV.UK/DOCUMENTS/STATISTICS/PDF/1319805.PDF . [ACCESSED AT 14 FEB 2012] AZIZUR RAHMAN KHAN AND CARL RISKIN, "GROWTH AND DISTRIBUTION OF HOUSEHOLD INCOME IN CHINA BETWEEN 1995 AND 2002', IN B. GUSTAFSSON ET AL. (EDS), 2007, CH.3. JULIE HYLAND. SOCIAL INEQUALITY INCREASES IN BRITAIN. WORLD SOCIALIST WEB SITE. 17 MAY 2000. AVAILABLE AT HTTP://WWW.WSWS.ORG/ARTICLES/2000/MAY2000/INEQ-M17.SHTML. [ACCESSED 10 FEB 2012] JOHN KNIGHT, "REFORM, GROWTH AND INEQUALITY IN CHINA," MIMEO., UNIVERSITY OF OXFORD, 2007. 1 Giddens. Sociology. 2006 2 Giddens. Sociology. 2006 3 Giddens. Sociology. 2006 4 Social Norms. 2012 5 Cheryl Lloyd, NatCen. 2007-08 Citizenship Survey: Identity and Values Topic Report 2009 6 Nicholas Abercrombie and Alan Warde. Growth and distribution of household income in China between 1995 and 2002. 2007 7 Nicholas Abercrombie and Alan Warde. Growth and distribution of household income in China between 1995 and 2002. 2007 8 Nicholas Abercrombie and Alan Warde. Growth and distribution of household income in China between 1995 and 2002. 2007 9 Nicholas Abercrombie and Alan Warde. Growth and distribution of household income in China between 1995 and 2002. 2007 10Julie Hyland. Social inequality increases in Britain. 2000. 11 Knight, 2007, p. 4 and Khan and Riskin, 2007 ?? ?? ?? ?? 6 1 ...read more.

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