• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Drawing on examples from your reading, explore the medias impact on the fear of crime. Consider the strengths and limitations of the labelling perspective towards understanding the significance of this impact.

Extracts from this document...


Drawing on examples from your reading, explore the media's impact on the 'fear' of crime. Consider the strengths and limitations of the labelling perspective towards understanding the significance of this impact. The media has, unquestionably, an impact on the fear of crime. The extent to which they have the impact can lack clarity as it is difficult to analyse the impact of media and this 'continues to occupy both popular and academic discussion' (Mark Banks, Crime &media&culture, spaces of (in)security: media and fear of crime in a local context, manchester met uni,UK) Many studies have been carried out to try and determine the extent of the media (insert cases here) but no consistent unambiguous result has been found. The extent to which the media has an impact on the fear of crime depends on the context in which it is delivered, on whom it is delivered to, what the message was and where the message came from, i.e. The Guardian newspaper could be viewed as more reliable than The Sun newspaper. Labelling is one of the activities the media revel in when it comes to a widespread scandal, disaster or major event. Constantly items are selected by the media used as token examples of what the media claim to be widespread issues but often a result of over amplification. A prime example of over amplification on the media's behalf was the Strangeways prison protest. ...read more.


they were completely negligent by firstly being unaware of what was going on in the stadium they were supposed to be monitoring and secondly by not heeding to the warnings that the turnstiles in place 'did not give anything like the access to the ground needed by fans' (scraton,page 60) Had the agreed major incident plan been executed it may have been possible to spare many of the 96 lives lost. 'Eventually the two perimeter gates were opened revealing the full horror on the terrace below... Bodies were dragged from pens and laid down on the pitch' and then carried to the gymnasium on makeshift stretchers which were actually advertising hoarding tore down by fans to help (scraton, page 60). An incorrect police statement was released almost immediately by the police in which it was stated that it could have been a possible pitch invasion which was a definite lie as pitch invasion suggests they were without ticket trying to ruin the game, when in fact many were season ticket holders who loved football and couldn't wait to watch the match. The next lie was told again by the police in which they stated that the fans had forced open an exit gate and they themselves caused the inrush into the already crammed pens.(scraton, page 60).Instant condemnation of LFC fans followed these statements from the police.and within the 'hour, the lens of hooliganism was firmly in place.' ...read more.


It appears here that the media have construed a false impression of the neighbourhood consensus towards Hamilton before the attack; blinded by the exposition of his character which the attack itself revealed. This is a prominent feature, as discussed in previous examples, of how knee-jerk labels do not usually ring true to the overarching truth. This incident caused moral panic as many feared there could be a Hamilton in their areas across the nation and so pressure was put upon MP's to increase gun control, and the pressure was successful in achieving such control measures. Therefore it is logical to see that the incident greatly increased fear of crime. To conclude, I feel the extent to which the media has an impact on the fear of crime depends importantly on the context of each situation. It would be unfair for me to say that all media has a grand impact on the fear of crime, based solely on the three examples I have used. However, what these examples illustrate is the motivation of the media to produce material which will attract public attention. The crucial factor of whether or not the coverage will impact on the fear of crime is how widespread the labels produced by media institutions reach. These examples have caused me to scrutinize much more of the media I come across and scrutiny I feel is the key aspect to be considered in avoiding an unfounded fear of crime. ?? ?? ?? ?? ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Crime & Deviance section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Crime & Deviance essays

  1. The Strengths and Limitations of Left Realism and Right Realism Theories in Explaining Crime ...

    in explaining crime and deviance and he and Hernstein claim that there is substantial biological element in causing crime. They argue that some individuals are born with a predisposition towards crime and a lack of or incorrect socialisation as a child could mean that their potential for criminal behaviours is more readily realised.

  2. Referring to the John Duffy "Railway Rapist" case to illustrate, discuss the strengths and ...

    Knowledge of railways. Previous criminal record for violence (maybe arrested between October 1982 and January 1984). * Characteristics of offender; Lived in area suggested. Recently separated from wife. Aged late 20s. Right-handed. Travelling carpenter. Worked for British Rail. Raped wife at knife point.

  1. Assess The Contribution Of Control Theory To Our Understanding Of Crime And Criminality

    Hirschi theorized that conformity is the result of a bond or tie to four elements in conventional society. As the bond weakens, the probability of deviance increases. So the strength of the bond explains the probability of an individual becoming involved in delinquency.

  2. Free essay

    Assess the view that crime and deviance is the result of labelling, the media ...

    Howard Becker is an example of a labelling theorist who believes that a deviant is simply someone to whom the label has been successfully applied, and deviant behaviour is simply behaviour that people so label. Becker said 'Social groups create deviance by creating the rules whose infraction constitutes deviance, and

  1. Free essay

    Assess the strengths and limitations of quantitative methods as a means of investigating crime ...

    Atkinson favoured a qualitative approach to studying the processes by the coroners socially construct suicide statistics. He carried out informal interviews with coroners and observed at inquests. Interpretivists reject positivist explanations that look for the wider structural causes of suicide.

  2. Does the media heighten fear of crime?

    (Howitt, 1998:46). Also, according to Gerbner, those who watch the most television are the most likely to be influenced by the symbolic messages it transmits, hence those who watch the least will be the least influenced. Gerbner acknowledges that heavy and light viewers differ in terms of how much they actually accept television's message and calls this the 'cultivation differential'.

  1. Using the seminar case study material consider to what extent train crashes such as ...

    This incident caused the loss of seven deaths. The Hatfield train crash was a result of a track defect. A specific type of metal fatigue is thought to be the most likely cause. This caused the train track to disintegrate beneath the train.

  2. Assess the view that crime and deviance is the result of labelling, the media ...

    Once labelled a deviant it can become difficult to interact with others in society. The label can attach to the whole identity, not simply the particular deviant act. There is less chance of ?normal? behaviour. This difficulty in interacting with others occurs for at least two reasons: the impact of

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work