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Examine the changes in the rate of divorce since 1969

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Introduction

´╗┐EXAMINE THE REASONS FOR THE CHANGES IN THE RATE OF DIVORCE SINCE 1969 (24 MARKS) Divorce is defined as the legal termination of marriage and statistics show that the rate of divorce overall has risen since 1969. It is shown that from 1969 until 1972, divorce rates had doubled from around 50,000 divorces in the UK in 1969. It had more than tripled to 170,000 in 2000. Despite this, divorce rates dropped in 1993 from 180,000 to 157,000 in 2001. There are several reasons for this rise in divorce, th main reason being the changes in the law, making it easier to divorce partners. A change in the position of women is a key important factor in the rise of divorce, second to the changes in law. The next factor in the changes in the rate of divorce is secularisation, or the decline in the influence of religion, which has a huge role in the divorce rates. Another factor is the raising expectations of marriage as men and women seek to find ?the one? to be with so are more likely to divorce in that sense. Lastly, the decline in stigma and people?s change in attitudes towards divorce has influenced the rate of divorce since 1969. ...read more.

Middle

As women were there from, paid the same as men, they did not depend on their husbands for their money and could rely on their own full-time working selves to bring home the cash. This saw a rise in the amount of divorce and women are no longer reliant on men or the state for that matter as women were working full time, just like their husbands. However, as women were now working full-time, they may not have time for the children which lead to a broken family. Therefore, suggesting that divorce is not all positive for women but has negative ideologies also. However, feminist Barnard (1976) argues that divorce grows acceptable as women become more informed of patriarchal oppression and therefore are able to escape it more easily and more informed, therefore, increasing the rate of divorce since 1969. However, if women are working full-time and are able to escape their patriarchal marriages as they are more aware, then why is it they marry into the ?main factor of patriarchal oppression? in the first place? Some might argue that women will marry to fulfil their ?childhood dreams? or to satisfy the church. Despite this idea, it is commonly known that there has been a rapid decline in the influence of religion in the last 50 years. ...read more.

Conclusion

For example, one option is separation, where the couple are still legally bound; however they do not live together and do not share leisure time with one another. Another option which is far less common is desertion where one partner will just get up and leave without consulting the other. But as these are fair less common than divorce, probably due to the fact that neither of these options legally terminates that marriage, gives the idea that those divorcing, probably want or have the intention to remarry after the divorce. This sees the rapid decline in stigma attached to divorce as it is more available. Mitchell and Goody (1997) argue that the decline in stigma was a very important change since the 1960s, concerning divorce. To conclude, the main rate of divorce sine 1969 is that it has risen over the years thanks to the impact of above reasons, the main effector being the change in law, and the Sex Discrimination Act, as supported by Liberal Feminists. This was because the law was not a specific law for divorce but informed that women were to be as equal as men and therefore had influenced that factors and ideas that changed the rate of divorce, such as the changes in law, the change in women?s position, secularisation, high expectations of marriage and the decline in stigma. ...read more.

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