• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Examine the factors affecting the domestic division of labour and power relations between couples.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Examine the factors affecting the domestic division of labour and power relations between couples. Domestic division of labour is the division of tasks, roles and duties, within the household. With the increased entry of married women into formal employment, sociologists began to look more closely at the processes that linked home and workplace, including the question of whether or not women's increased involvement in paid labour led to a renegotiation of the traditional domestic roles and organization of domestic labour. A major characteristic of the symmetrical family outlined by Young and Willmott was the degree to which spouses shared domestic work and leisure activities. In Young and Willmott's stage 2 family, conjugal roles were largely segregated. There was a clear cut division of labour between spouses in the household and the husband was relatively uninvolved with domestic chores and raising the children. The wife is associated mainly with her female kin and neighbours and the husband with his male workmates, kin and neighbours. ...read more.

Middle

Boulton argues that other studies exaggerate the extent of men's involvement in childcare. Boulton denies the questions about 'who does what' give a picture of conjugal roles. Although men might help with particular tasks, it is essentially the wives who retain primary responsibility for children. From Boulton's own study of 50 young married mothers in London who didn't have full time jobs, only 18% of husbands gave extensive help with childcare, 36% gave moderate help and 46% gave minimal help. Husbands therefore gave help with childcare in less than 20% of the families studied. This study doesn't have any meaning; it doesn't give a clear picture. It also doesn't state what childcare roles were assessed. However on a plus side it can compare trends. A third sociologist Jonathon Gershuny has examined how social changes have affected the burden of work for British husbands and wives, a possible change affecting this area is the growing number of women taking paid employment outside the home. ...read more.

Conclusion

Advantages of this study are that it's a wide study, which means its research came from a wide range of social groups. However a disadvantage is that the study is out of date, society has changed and women are making larger decisions. He has also only studied one class of families which makes the study restricted. Although this is a smaller reason compared to the others it is sill important that same sex relationships should be taken into consideration when evaluation domestic labour and power of genders. In the majority of same sex relationships it has been proven that in 81% of households neither partner did more than 60% of the housework, it therefore showed that the one doing less housework spend more time in paid employment. Most of the evidence stated here suggests women are still a long way from achieving equality within marriage in contemporary Britain today. They are still primarily responsible for domestic tasks and they have less power than their within marriage. Husbands of wives with full time jobs seem to be taking over some of the burden of housework, although the change is slow and some inequality remains. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Family & Marriage section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Here's what a teacher thought of this essay

4 star(s)

It has some good knowledge of studies which show inequality exists but the candidate fails to get to grips with the precise question set and this lets it down (the question is which factors affect conjugal roles). The mark could also be raised by using more perspectives such as Feminism and Marxism (especially to develop issues of power).

Marked by teacher Lesley Clark 07/02/2012

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Family & Marriage essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    Outline and evaluate the functionalist view of the role of the family

    4 star(s)

    She had been strapped to a potty chair in an isolated room, with no contact with anyone. This is one of the extreme cases which go against the functionalist view of how the family provides the four functions to the best of its ability.

  2. Decline of nuclear family

    For example we are more likely to buy a new television to replace a 'faulty' (or even merely less fashionable) set rather than try to fix the one we already have. For Hart the same is true of our attitude to marriage; once it ceases to please us we seek

  1. Sociology The Family

    emergence of private property or private ownership of the means of production. Engels argued that because of the ownership of private property came about, the state needed to initiate laws in which to solve the problem of inheritance of private property (property was owned by men and if the heirs

  2. Examine the view that the nuclear family is universal. (24)

    Members of matrifocal families regard the unit as a family and, from her West Indian data; Gonz´┐Żles (1970) argues that the female-headed family is a well-organised social group which represents a positive adaptation to the circumstances of poverty. By not tying herself to a husband, the mother is able to

  1. Examine the contribution of feminist perspectives to an understanding of the family.

    However Marxist feminists see the oppression of women in the family as linked to the exploitation of the working class. They argue that the family must be abolished at the same time as a socialist revolution replaces capitalism with a classless society.

  2. Examine the effects of industrialization on the structure of the family

    be linked to how depending on a families economic survival needs at the time you could be able to determine and how industrialising could have changed family structures and what these changes were. but she disagrees with Anderson that mutual aid is given to kin based purely on calculating the

  1. Assess the view that marriage is no longer a popular institution in todays postmodernist ...

    In 1989, only 44% of people agreed that premarital sex was okay. This figure changed to 62% in 2000. Young people are more likely to accept cohabitation due to relatively recent changes in society such as; increased job opportunities for women which may mean that they have less need for

  2. Analyse how the family structure has changed over the last 100 years

    at work all day too, this is known as the dual burden which shows that inequality still exists and this can cause more conflict in a marriage as women are fighting for equality within their households still and this can cause marital breakdowns which then leads to divorce and less nuclear families.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work