• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Examine the factors affecting the domestic division of labour and power relations between couples.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Examine the factors affecting the domestic division of labour and power relations between couples. Domestic division of labour is the division of tasks, roles and duties, within the household. With the increased entry of married women into formal employment, sociologists began to look more closely at the processes that linked home and workplace, including the question of whether or not women's increased involvement in paid labour led to a renegotiation of the traditional domestic roles and organization of domestic labour. A major characteristic of the symmetrical family outlined by Young and Willmott was the degree to which spouses shared domestic work and leisure activities. In Young and Willmott's stage 2 family, conjugal roles were largely segregated. There was a clear cut division of labour between spouses in the household and the husband was relatively uninvolved with domestic chores and raising the children. The wife is associated mainly with her female kin and neighbours and the husband with his male workmates, kin and neighbours. ...read more.

Middle

Boulton argues that other studies exaggerate the extent of men's involvement in childcare. Boulton denies the questions about 'who does what' give a picture of conjugal roles. Although men might help with particular tasks, it is essentially the wives who retain primary responsibility for children. From Boulton's own study of 50 young married mothers in London who didn't have full time jobs, only 18% of husbands gave extensive help with childcare, 36% gave moderate help and 46% gave minimal help. Husbands therefore gave help with childcare in less than 20% of the families studied. This study doesn't have any meaning; it doesn't give a clear picture. It also doesn't state what childcare roles were assessed. However on a plus side it can compare trends. A third sociologist Jonathon Gershuny has examined how social changes have affected the burden of work for British husbands and wives, a possible change affecting this area is the growing number of women taking paid employment outside the home. ...read more.

Conclusion

Advantages of this study are that it's a wide study, which means its research came from a wide range of social groups. However a disadvantage is that the study is out of date, society has changed and women are making larger decisions. He has also only studied one class of families which makes the study restricted. Although this is a smaller reason compared to the others it is sill important that same sex relationships should be taken into consideration when evaluation domestic labour and power of genders. In the majority of same sex relationships it has been proven that in 81% of households neither partner did more than 60% of the housework, it therefore showed that the one doing less housework spend more time in paid employment. Most of the evidence stated here suggests women are still a long way from achieving equality within marriage in contemporary Britain today. They are still primarily responsible for domestic tasks and they have less power than their within marriage. Husbands of wives with full time jobs seem to be taking over some of the burden of housework, although the change is slow and some inequality remains. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Family & Marriage section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Here's what a teacher thought of this essay

4 star(s)

It has some good knowledge of studies which show inequality exists but the candidate fails to get to grips with the precise question set and this lets it down (the question is which factors affect conjugal roles). The mark could also be raised by using more perspectives such as Feminism and Marxism (especially to develop issues of power).

Marked by teacher Lesley Clark 07/02/2012

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Family & Marriage essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    Critically examine the Functionalist idea that the nuclear family exists for the benefit of ...

    5 star(s)

    Parsons argued that nuclear families were formed as people moved away from their extended kin in the countryside in order to take jobs opportunities brought about by industrialization in the towns. Parsons concluded that only the nuclear unit could effectively provide the achievement-orientated and geographically mobile workforce required by modern industrial economies.

  2. Marked by a teacher

    Assess the extent to which roles within the family are becoming more equal or ...

    4 star(s)

    This opinion would suggest that roles within families are not becoming more equal because the man still has more say in the how the money is spent. While it seems to be true that women usually decide what food to buy for the household, it can be argued whether that

  1. Marked by a teacher

    Assess the sociological views of the relationship between the family and industrialisation

    3 star(s)

    The second stage conveyed how the extended family was broken up during the early industrial times.

  2. Examine the reasons for changes in the patterns of marriage, co-habitation and divorce rate ...

    Sociologists Robert Chester (1984) believes that the increase in divorce rates probably reflects an increase in martial breakdown. As the divorce rate increased, there may have been decrease in separations and empty shell marriages. In 1971, only 94 separations orders were granted compared to over 74,000 divorces.

  1. Examine the reasons for the changes in the patterns of marriage, cohabitation and divorce ...

    Morgan (1992) argued in his publication 'Marriage and society: understanding an era of change', that the nature of marriage was evolving from an 'institutional' model and moving towards a more 'relational / companionate' model. Marriage was shrugging off its institutional and more rigid aspect, such as, the emphasis put upon

  2. Critically examine the relationship between gender, religious participation and religious organisations

    Greeley (1992) offers another explanation for the more religious orientation of women. He argues that before women acquire a partner and have children, their religiosity is not dissimilar to men's. But he says, one women start 'taking care' of people, you begin to assume greater responsibility for their ultimate welfare.

  1. The Sociology of Family

    Defining socially approved sex would be a bit difficult as the differences between cultures and religious beliefs would make it harder to define socially acceptable. Two adults may live together as a family without having children and have independent finances other than the sharing of the mortgage/rent.

  2. Sociology Family Revision Notes

    the conflict that may exist among families as different views and expectations of others duties. Closer to the reality of every day experiences â family life than structural approaches such as functionalists. Post modernism and family diversity We no longer live in modern world with its predictable family structure Entered

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work