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In this essay I am going to assess the Marxist explanation of the role of education in modern society.

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In this essay I am going to assess the Marxist explanation of the role of education in modern society. Marxist is a theory that is named after its own founder Karl Marx, who purposed his idea that the economic system largely shapes society and education takes a large role into this idea. Marx says that education performs two main functions in our capitalist society which are to reproduce inequalities and social relations within society and that it serves to justify all these inequalities through "Myth" of meritocracy, however Marxists do not believe in meritocracy meaning everyone has equal chances no matter what background/social class , Marxists see that the way the educational system maintain these inequalities is by exploitation from the "Ruling class" to the "Subject class" in our capitalist society, meaning the rich stay rich and the poor stay poor. In Marxists eyes education is only build to benefit the ruling class and schools and teachers will reject the subject class meaning they will not perform to their highest capabilities. ...read more.


Those who are smart and hardworking do well in education and gain well deserved qualifications and in turn do well in he world of work. Those who are unemployed and working in low paid jobs must not of gained these qualifications and were probably not academically gifted, this is one of the ideological beliefs that shows the higher your parents social class the higher your schooling qualifications will turn out and the duration spent in education, class still determines where you end up in a majority of cases according to Marxists. Bowles and Gintis argue that there is a close correspondence between the social relationships within the school and workplace which become essential for the reproduction of the next generation of workers properly schooled to accept their roles and positions in society. Without this correspondence capitalism wouldn't run so smoothly and there would be constant "rebellion" within the workplace. ...read more.


Studies such as "learning to labour" by Paul Willis have shown that people may have some understanding of the true way of which they are treated and exploited in school and may try to resist in various ways to conform. This brings into a debate within Marxism about the role of cultural institutions such as education. Willis did not find one correspondence between school and work, nor were the lads shaped into the educational system; they instead rejected school and created their own "counter school culture" accepting they were going to do bad and rejected school. One main criticism that could be held would be how Willis theory argues that Bowles and Gintis theory about correspondence in school and work, This was not produced by the school it was the lads that were not obedient pupils of Bowles and Gintis theory, They produced the correspondence themselves by their rejection to school and doing so they prepared themselves for a place in the workforce, They learned to have a laugh and get on with their boredom, accepting drudgery to low skilled jobs. ...read more.

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