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Law and order in London in the late 19th Century

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Introduction

Describe Law and Order in London in the late nineteenth century. There were many things involved in law and order in London, however a key element was the rising levels of crime in the east end, which caused the creation of policing. There were many reasons that there was a high level of crime in the east end, but most of it is due to the poor living conditions they were forced to live in. In the 19th Century the east end was mostly associated with poverty and horrible living conditions. Many places such as Shore ditch, White chapel and Hackney were known as "Slum Areas". ...read more.

Middle

Pickpockets were very successful in London, they worked in small groups and did very well for themselves but with this crime increase also came organized policing. Before policing was created there were only watchmen and if ever riots broke out the army would have to be brought in. This is why the MET was brought in. They were nick named "The London Bobby's" at first after the founder Robert peel. In 1851 an article in Punch stated that " The police are beginning to take place... the blue coats, the defenders of order, are becoming the national favourites". The polices' main task was to deal with drunkenness, beggars, vagrants and prostitutes. ...read more.

Conclusion

In 1877 the CID was set-up or otherwise known as the Criminal Investigations Department. They consisted of 800 detectives and did more in debt investigations than the police on murders. With the police improving and more criminals being caught, sentencing was put under strain. In the 19th century prisons were a lot different from today, inmates were isolated and each one had there own cell, no communication could be made and this made it very mentally hard on the prisoners. Public executions were also very popular until 1868 when they were abolished. So we have seen how law and order has developed through the 19th century, policing has been developed due to a rise in crime and this has caused crime to decrease. Policing has hugely improved and London has taken one step closer to being civilized. Henry Jones 09/05/07 ...read more.

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