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Outline and Evaluate two or more sociological theories of the usefulness of crime statistics in giving us an accurate picture of crime and deviance in Britain today.

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Outline and Evaluate two or more sociological theories of the usefulness of crime statistics in giving us an accurate picture of crime and deviance in Britain today. Crime can be defined as law breaking and as actions which are seen as disruptive and disturbing. Some crimes are considered to be more serious than others. Deviance can be defined as behaviour which completely goes against the conventional norms and values of society. If members of the public don't play the roles that are expected to play by society, they are considered deviant. I am going to use two sociological theories to assess the usefulness and accuracy of crime statistics in giving us a picture of crime and deviance in Britain today. Crime statistics are used to measure and identify criminal groups in two ways. The first is from police recorded crime i.e. records of crimes that are kept by the police. And secondly from the British Crime Survey (BCS), this is a victim study that asks a sample of British adults if they have ever been a victim of particular crimes. ...read more.


person is labelled as a deviant people in society look at them differently this person then continues to live life as a deviant. In evaluation of the interactionalist approach, the use of the labelling theory has drawn attention to the importance of labelling and societal reaction to the generation of deviant and criminal behaviour, it helps to explain why some people do go on to commit crimes. The labelling theory has shown that certain types of people are singled out, which supports the idea that the official criminal statistics do not give an accurate picture of crime because if the police are focusing on the ' typical deviant' then they are perhaps overlooking other types of criminals such a middle class. Critics however have pointed out weaknesses of the labelling theory. Firstly the origins of deviance are unclear, the idea that people commit crimes because they are labelled as a criminal are suggested to be fruit less. A woman doesn't tend to become prostitutes just because society has labelled her as being a provocative woman. The labelling theory also fails to explain why certain groups of people are labelled as deviant. ...read more.


Therefore statistics only really represent a selective number and type of crimes. However critics claim that the Marxist approach does fail to mention that most victims of working class crimes are working class themselves and so the idea that working class commit crime out of frustration at the middle class is undermined. Many Sociologists refuse to accept that there is any conflict between the working and middle classes and so according to them why would there need to be any biased in laws. This essay has explained two sociological theories and their arguments for the idea that statistics give us an inaccurate picture of crime in Britain today. This essay has also evaluated each argument and has concluded that even though both sides have very valid points it is inevitable that crime statistics will never be an accurate way of measuring crime, as people in today's society will always have their preconceived views of what a criminal is and they will judge and report crimes accordingly. And unfortunately crimes such as domestic violence and sexual assault still happen alot and the majority of times remain unreported. The real picture of crime is what's outside our front door's not necessarily what the statistics from an annual study tells us. ...read more.

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