• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Outline & evaluate sociological explanations of the relationship between crime & ethnicity

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Outline & evaluate sociological explanations of the relationship between crime & ethnicity Dated theories of crime contain a limited amount of intelligence where crime and ethnicity is concerned. In recent years the debate on crime and ethnicity has slowly been opened up and addressed by the media. They have focused their attention on certain crimes such as street crime and deviance. This type of crime often involves the most amounts of violence, fatality and a nuisance to society. The official statistics reveal that ethnic minorities are by far over represented in crime. Some sociologists would agree that ethnic minorities actually commit more crime. Others argue that the criminal justice system is biased against black people and that the crime rate for ethnic minorities is simply higher because of this bias. They also show that they are disproportionately stopped and searched by the police force. It even states that ethnic minorities make up a larger proportion of the prison population in Britain. Sociologists are divided in their opinion when accounting for a relationship between crime and ethnicity. ...read more.

Middle

Also it is likely that more crime will be committed during a recession, it is used as a form of survival for poor citizens. The theory can also not be sure that the moral panic created over an increase in mugging was caused by a crisis in capitalism. Lea and Young argue that the Neo-Marxist perspective spends too much time romanticising the criminal and not focusing on the victims of street crime. Interactionists reject the use of official statistics when it comes to analysing crime. Cicourel suggests that there is a negotiation of justice when on patrol. It is after all a police officers decision to stop and interrogate an individual based on the meanings of what is suspicious and strange. As the process is negotiable and based on appearance, an individual that withholds a stereotypical appearance of an offender is more likely to be arrested. Even though the stereotype concludes someone of an ethnic nature, this still applies to white citizens. A working class individual is also just as likely to be labelled as a deviant character. ...read more.

Conclusion

This has been accused of unintentionally promoting racist attitudes amongst the public. New left realists also argue black groups have become marginalised and pushed to the edges of society, where it is hard to allocate themselves a job and to maintain a financially stable life style. This is due to limited educational opportunities, due to a lack of strong educational support in poorer areas. As relative deprivation will affect poorer groups in society, subcultures are likely to be formed as a result of a lower standard of living than the majority of the population. On discussion of diversity within ethnic groups, it accounts of why Afro-Caribbean's are over represented, which falls into doubt when British Asians are concerned. If police discriminate against blacks they must discriminate in favour of Asians since fewer are arrested. To conclude, the relationship between crime and ethnicity is far from straight forward. An insight from all other social variables needs to be taken into consideration. Evidence suggests that relationships between poverty and ethnicity maybe important when studying explanations into crime and deviance. As it stands today, there is still a large over representation of black crime which will continue to happen until a solution to cut out racism from our society works correctly. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Crime & Deviance section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Crime & Deviance essays

  1. To what extent do sociological arguments & evidence support this view of the relationship ...

    Johal supports these views by claiming that in a multi-faith society such as UK religious identity is a prerequisite; Johal found that British Asians choose to uphold their religious beliefs as it empowers them; that allows them to adapt a cultural hybridity.

  2. Sociological Theories on Crime and Deviance

    While it may explain some utilitarian crime it may not explain violent crime. Its view that criminals are rational actors freely choosing crime conflicts with its view that their behaviour is determined by their biology and socialisation. It also over emphasises biological factors, for example Lilly et al (2002)

  1. Sociological explanations for patterns in ethnicity and crime

    Bowling and Philips argue that victims are influenced by (racial) stereotypes are culturally determined expectations as to who commits crime. Certainly, research by Bowling's (1999) indicates that where offenders is not known, white people are more likely to ascribe the crime to those of African Caribbean origin study.

  2. Outline and asses sociological explanations of gender differences in the pattern of crime

    This of course would explain different crime rates based upon socialisation creating different sex-roles, men are socialised into violent behaviour, equating to crime whereas females are socialised to be gentle. This is relatable to Becker's labelling theory; females are given the label as passive gentle people and therefore become so.

  1. What explanations have been suggested for occupational crime? Is it different from conventional ...

    The four categories are; Hawks, donkeys, wolves and vultures. Hawks have a weak grid and weak group. Examples include businessmen and salesmen. Occupations that emphasise individuality, autonomy and competition belong to Hawks fiddling in the workplace can often be a reason why the hawks business works.

  2. The following essay will explore the question; What is the relationship between policing governance ...

    It also established an Independent Police Complaints Commission and enabled the expansion of police forces by appointing community support officers[10]. From the acts above we can see that the police are currently accountable under a number of acts.

  1. describe four studies relating to crime and deviance - each from a different perspective. ...

    lower class segment of society and its most common conclusion was the 'juvenile gang'. (Haralambos, 2000, page 357) Cohen viewed the creation of the subculture as a collective response to adolescents' low ranking position in the class structure. The difference between classes can often indicate the amount of opportunities available to the adolescent.

  2. Why is the prison population not a reflection of the ethnicity of Britain, is ...

    Also as they are already in high crime areas the young people will do what they see as the norm, which may be to commit crime. Does Borough and Ethnicity Brent crime and disorder audit In the audit of crime it shows that of all of the London boroughs per thousand people.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work