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Secularisation. Bryan Wilson said all societies would eventually lose their religion, a vague statement but one, which has been researched into for many years. However one person who has challenged this is David Martin he sees that secularisation isnt

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Secularisation is the process of societies losing their religious significance. Weber argued the development of scientific knowledge would out weigh the supernatural beliefs of religion therefore taking them out of society. Evedence, which is used to show the decline in religions, is usually attendance to religious institutions and religious practise. This evidence however can be contested. Bryan Wilson said all societies would eventually lose their religion, a vague statement but one, which has been researched into for many years. However one person who has challenged this is David Martin he sees that secularisation isn't taking place and there is no evidence to show that it will. Firstly the arguments I am going to look at to look into this secularisation debate are ones of institutions and seeing how they relate to the question. The modern theories on religion are mainly based on religious institutions. Bryan Wilson wanted to prove that people today didn't go to church therefore secularisation is taking place. From studying church attendance rates in Britain, he found less people went to church on Sundays, and religious occasions such as Christmas and weddings. This could be backed up by many other religions such as Roman Catholic. ...read more.


There is no social solidarity any more. So he doesn't see that secularisation is taking place either there is just no single religion to share values, people are still religious. The ecumenical movement is another religious pluralism theory. This is where there has been a unity between denominations of the Christian faith. Doesn't this reverse the religious pluralism theory? Wilson doesn't see it this way; he says that it is further evidence of secularisation. Religions only unite when they are weak therefore the Christian faith must be weak. So they join together to make them stronger. Therefore it must be evidence of secularisation. Another theory on Wilson's side is one that sects and religious cults also provide us with some evidence that secularisation is taking place. People are joining sects and cults because the religion in society is so weak it isn't helping them. This is one of the functions of religion and it can't be doing it right if people are rejecting it. This seems pretty clear evidence that religion is declining. The only problem is sects are seen as religious. World rejecting sects are the most religious of all so its just another way of putting religious pluralism, there are just different forms of religion, people aren't getting less religious. ...read more.


Science has now explained phenomenon, so things, which were mis-understood before, are now understood. So faith, which is based on trust, isn't there anymore therefore there is no need for religion as science has produced real facts. In conclusion we have seen many different views of is secularisation taking place? This however has not helped us in our answers, as there is no answer, we don't know. Every argument that was put before us had a problem. Therefore we need to look at why. This mainly because no one can agree on a definition of religion therefore how can we say if secularisation is taking place? Many problems with the research have been because many of the researchers all have their own definitions. Another fault with the question is we need to look into the future and say is secularisation going to happen, you can't do this. The only way to really solve this debate is to firstly agree on a definition of religion, or see how the role and function has changed over time. Glock and Stark tried this but again they had their own opinions of religion and how they measured things could be questioned. The question of secularisation needs to be more specific, not as general as it has been for you to solve it. ?? ?? ?? ?? Sandie Williams Is secularisation taking place? ...read more.

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