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The Global Pattern of Aids Infection.

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Introduction

The Global Pattern of Aids Infection Overall Global Pattern This bar graph shows the number of infected people in different regions. There are currently about 40 million of people living with Aids, and about 95% of them are living in less developing countries. It's estimated that 14000 people are become newly infected with Aids everyday. Of all the regions, the two regions which have the highest rate of infection are Sub-Saharan Africa and South and South East Asia. Of all new infections in 2001, 68% were in Sub-Saharan Africa and 16% were in South and South East Asia. Most and Least Infected Regions Sub Saharan Africa is by far the worst affected region in the world. The number of people living with aids in Sub-Saharan Africa outnumbered all the other regions by a huge margin. It's estimated that 28.1 million Africans were living with AIDS during 2001. After Africa, South and South East Asia come next. Although South and South East Asia outnumbered all the other regions, but the numbers of AIDS victim are no where close to the number of AIDS victim in Sub-Saharan Africa. All the other regions not very serious infected by AIDS compare to Sub-Saharan Africa and South and South East Asia. ...read more.

Middle

Woman maybe forced into engage in commercial sex as an economic survival strategy. As the number of orphans grow, increasing number of children are in risk, through the lost of educational opportunities, and forcing them to survive in high-risk situations on the street. Poor educational opportunities for people living in poverty limit their access to the information about AIDS and services. Migrant Workers Many of the most infected countries substantial amount of migrant workers, mainly composed of males working in mining, agriculture, transport, and military forces. The women who provide sexual services for those migrant workers are particularly at risk. As a result of more interaction between the prostitutes and migrant workers, the transfer rate of AIDS increases. Status of Women High dependency of male partners and low educational standard of female limits the female's choice to determine their sexual relations. The female has no choice to determine their sexual relationship so it is very likely that the female will be at risk if the male has the disease. That's why there are more female AIDS victims than male. Denial Governments in Africa refuse to see AIDS as a serious problem, and pay only little attention to it. ...read more.

Conclusion

More than 100 episodes radio drama has been developed, dealing with AIDS related issues and encourage changes in behavior toward sex. Another initiative has involved workplace peer counseling, including the development, piloting and distribution of facilitator's manual. Youth education Youth Health Organization (YOHO) is a youth run non-governmental organization that aims to provide young people sex education. AIDS related sex education at schools play an important role in educating young people, and the teaching materials have been developed for student by the Ministry of Education. A teacher capacity building program has been developed by the Ministry of Education and the UNDP, in collaboration with the government of Brazil and ACHAP. This program aims to improve teachers' knowledge on AIDS and break down cultural beliefs about sex and sexuality. It is hoped that this will promote free and informative discussion about AIDS. Condom Distribution and education There has been a success in social marketing of condoms, and this includes a launch for both male and female condoms and making condoms more commonly products. One of Botswana key marketing strategy for condom is peer education, with peer education being conducted in different places such as school, shopping malls, bar and workplace. Recently, a market research campaign carry out by ACHAP suggested a need for the increased marketing of condoms. In response, with the support of ACHAP, the government provided free condoms to the public. ...read more.

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