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To what extent has new labour been tough on crime and tough on the causes of crime?

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Introduction

To what extent has new labour been tough on crime and tough on the causes of crime? New labour has used effective methods of dealing with crime in the UK. There is a clear effort to be tough on crime and its causes, by new labour "Tough on crime tough on the causes of crime" T. Blair. New labour has attempted to appease conservative middle class views of crime after the success in New York under Mayor Rudolph Giuliani e.g. zero tolerance. However new labour still have old labour and conservative ideologies and acknowledges that the social causes of crime e.g. redistribution of wealth, equal opportunity i.e. education and employment and a general attack on poverty is Just as important as the tough approach. Since the reformation of the labour party, it has pushed law and order up the political agenda. In 1998 the Crime and Disorder Act was introduced. The purpose of this Act was to tackle Crime and Disorder and help to create safer communities. The 1998 Act also provided additional powers for agencies to use when carrying out their work to reduce crime, such as sharing information without fear of contravening the Data Protection Act and introducing Anti-Social Behaviour Orders. ...read more.

Middle

The government pledged to increase the number of officers from minority ethnic groups from around 2,500 to 8,000 by 2009. As well as recommendations relating to the police, the Macpherson report also proposed changing some laws. The most controversial proposal was to amend the law of 'double jeopardy' (probably because of film!) so that in certain circumstances a person could be tried twice for the same crime. In March this year, the Law Commission (the statutory body charged with recommending legal reforms to government) backed the proposal. A response from government is expected by the autumn. A second controversial proposal - that of making the use of racist language in private a criminal offence - is also being considered. However new labour has stumbled on one area, according to new labour, "prison is an expensive way of making bad people worse". However, nearly two-thirds of Britain's prisoners are being held in overcrowded jails. The Howard League for Penal Reform says 52,500 people are in jails running above capacity. In some instances, prisons are holding almost double the number of recommended inmates the worst is HMP Preston with 661 prisoners - but only 356 places. ...read more.

Conclusion

Thanks to extra spending on the Child Tax Credit of nearly a billion pounds, the government looks set to hit its interim target of reducing child poverty by a quarter by April 2005. That's over a million children lifted out of poverty, and child poverty at its lowest level since 1989. Nursery facilities are also improved and increased and therefore children can start education early and are less likely to be tempted by crime (start winning from the fruit machine!). Considering economic hindrances e.g. more police officer costs money, and social hindrances e.g. erosion of civil liberties, the labour government have been successful at being tough on crime and tough on the causes of crime. I believe that new labour have been tough on crime and acts such as the, ant-terrorism act 2001 and the 1998 crime and disorder act are measures of ensuring new labour are tough on crime. New labour is also working towards being tough on the causes of crime e.g. the minimum wage and arresting parents whose children are truants, however the extent will only be revealed in the long-term. OHP2 CRIME & DISORDER ACT Chris Swainland 10/05/07 ...read more.

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