• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Why family formations have changed in Britain.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Explain how and why have family formations changed in Britain? Family formations have significantly changed since the late 1960's. Many sociologists have their own theories on why families are important and the functions a family should maintain. Functionalists believe that the main function of the family is to perform vital functions for society to survive. The family has essential functions which it must perform to meet the basic needs of society and its members. G.P Murdock (1949) states that the family performs four basic functions. Sexual-The family provides and controls sexual access to its family members. Reproductive-The family members reproduce at a child bearing age in order for society to have new members. Economic-the family should provide a warm and loving home with the basis needs in order to survive such as food and warmth. The family also teaches us social norms and values needed for economic co-operation. Education-The family sends their children to school which is needed to provide socialisation skills which are essential to pass on to the next generation. Functionalism stresses the positive role of the family. The family is seen as a universal institute that has a key relationship between other social institutes. ...read more.

Middle

All feminists agree that women re exploited in some ways in society and more so in the home. Oppression of the women is a result of male dominance through biology and physical strength. Feminists view the traditional nuclear family as being around male power and supporting male power. Feminists believe that it was the industrialisation period that put a women's place in the home. New rights have criticised feminists for undermining traditional family values. Feminists assume that all families have a male head who dominates the rest of the household and feminism tends to focus too much on the negative aspects of family life. Because feminism has been a political agenda, feminists have over estimated the extent of family equality. Patterns of family formation and dissolution have dramatically changed since the late 1960's. Then the traditional family consisted of family unit containing two generations, parents and children, also known as the nuclear family. In the 1960's this was the only type of family that was deemed as normal and any other type of family was seen as being deviant. In modern society there is no such thing as a 'normal' family. This is largely due to a number of changes in the law. ...read more.

Conclusion

She found that women took a lead in household duties as well as childcare, and males had the stereotypical role as worker. Women did not expect husbands to share roles as it was seen as a normal way of living. Today there is a significant difference in conjugal roles and what society expects the role of a man to be. In 1984, 1991, and 1997 another survey was carried out by the British Social Attitudes and found that household duties were more shared, and women had become more involved in traditional men's work such as household jobs. Joint conjugal roles are now more popular, this is where a husband and wife both share roles and make decisions together. In summary I think it can be said that there is a large number of reasons and factors that have contributed to the change in family formations in Britain. Not only has the changes in the law participated in his but the ever changing attitude of society has been a great influence. Britain is now more tolerant to the number of different family structures therefore allowing families to develop and change. Taylor, P (2008) Sociology in Focus: Causeway: Omskirk. Haralambros and Holborn (2000) Sociology themes and perspectives: Harper Collins: London. Moore, S (1995) A-level Sociology: Lefts education: London ?? ?? ?? ?? Chyrise Cox Sociology Assignment Two-Sociology of the Family. 1 ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Family & Marriage section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Family & Marriage essays

  1. Sociology The Family

    This had also shown that men were able to easily avoid chores they disliked. For example they would be willing to play with a child but not willing to change a dirty nappy. Oakley suggested that in a society where the women are seen to be the homemaker and these

  2. Teenage Pregnancies in Britain

    what sells and the natural curiosity and boasting of peers will pressure them into indulging into sexual practises, often not thought out.

  1. Is the modern family breaking down or is it simply changing?

    Although there being a high number of single mothers, they were more likely than other groups to have paid employment. Despite this over half the Caribbean families with children were either married or cohabited in long-term relationships. They also studied South Asian families in the same book.

  2. Examine the reasons for the changes in the patterns of marriage, cohabitation and divorce ...

    It should not be forgotten; that divorce is not just the breakdown of a marriage, but it is primarily the break-up of a family, hence children. Wishing to take into consideration the well-being of children, who may become victims of divorce, the government introduced the 'Family Law Act' in 1996,

  1. Explain how and why family forms have changed in Britain.

    Forced marriages are however now illegal in Britain. Despite being illegal in Britain, forced marriages are occurring more than ever as more often enough the forced person would find it easier to live within the marriage, even in cases whereby there is domestic violence involved, than have to face the disappointment or shame it would bring upon the family and therefore not enough cases are reported (http://www.bbc.co.uk/ethics/forcedmarriage).

  2. GCSE Sociology Coursework

    I will hand out questionnaires to a mixture of students in different years. The majority of them will be given to the groups which I will observe. I would like equal numbers of both males and females to complete my questionnaires so I have accurate information from which to compare them.

  1. Analyse how the family structure has changed over the last 100 years

    will try to reproduce more children or play a father role to step children. Ann Oakley is a powerful and respected feminist sociologist who suggests that the family leaves women powerelss and oppressed because the family favours the male more as we live in a patriarchal society.

  2. Sociology and the Family

    Comprising of man, wife and one or two children, the woman is presented as the willing housewife, and the man as ?breadwinner.? Feminists have a dismal viewpoint of this setup, with feminist Fran Ansley wildly proclaiming ?When wives play their traditional role as takers of shit, they often absorb their

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work