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Access the effectiveness of psychological Stress management.

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Access the effectiveness of psychological Stress management. There are two types of stress management- * The Physiological Method * The Psychological Method Physiological Stress Management The Physiological method focuses on drugs helping the individual with the coping of stress. The two main drug groups are- * Anti-anxiety- which is a minor form of tranquilliser * Antidepressants These types of drugs focus on helping the individual usually for a short period of time. However, problems with this type of treatment, they tend to have side effects also when the medication stops the anxiety then returns. Another form of physiological treatment is- * Biofeedback It provides people with information about their bodily processes e.g. heart rate. It gives people awareness of their bodily processes during stress and aims to help them to control their bodily processes. Biofeedback helps a person feel in control and helps them make significant short- term changes e.g. lowering their blood pressure. Psychological Stress Management The psychological method focuses on changing the way people think and behave when faced with a stressful situation and to reduce the amount of stress. ...read more.


Kobasa hardiness theory had 3 dimensions- * Challenge- seeing changes as a challenge instead of threat. * Commitment- getting directly involved in situations and focusing on solving problems. * Control- believing the individual has control over their own actions and can influence their environment. Criticisms Kobasa's work has been criticised by researchers who believe that hardiness has little difference to the stress which is experienced and its relationship to illness. It has been argued that people who have a high measure of hardiness may look after themselves better. Those who have a low measure of hardiness may interpret their experiences in a more negative way. Meichenbaum- Stress Inoculation Donald Meichenbaum (1977) came up with the term Stress Inoculation which is a training programme which aims to make people resistant to stress. It is known as Self Instructional Training (SIT). Meichenbaum said that you can become 'inoculated' against stress to become 'stress-resistant', just as you can become inoculated against a flu virus. He then developed a stress management programme which aims to do this. ...read more.


This includes esteem support, information support, instrumental support and social companionship (Cohen and Willis, 1985). There are 4 main aspects of social support as identified by Cohen and Willis (1985), this are- * Esteem support- experience of stress can lead to self doubt and low self-esteem. * informational support- useful information which is provided by others e.g. advise from a person who is experienced in a particular area * instrumental support- a range of activities which provide practical assistance e.g. a loan of money to help a friend * social companionship- spending time with others e.g. going to the pub Research indicates people with a high level of social life are less prone to stress. Self- Coping Statutory 1. Draw a picture of how you are feeling or what is on your mind. Then make a list of 3 things that you can do to make yourself feel happier and better about the situation. 2. Always remember bad things happen to other people too, the majority cannot be prevented from happening. Other people are going through what you are, you are not alone, other people do know how you feel but they have overcome the problem and so can you. ...read more.

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