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Describe the layout and furniture of aTypical Athenian house.

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Joshua Jepson Item No. 1 Dinnington Comprehensive School Deadline date:6/6/03 Describe the layout and furniture of a Typical Athenian house In this assignment I am going to be discussing what a typical Athenian house was like. In ancient Athens the people thought that you showed off if you built expensive private houses, so they were simple. In a typical Athenian Kleros (property) you would find a solid foundation of stone at the bottom of the walls. Above this there are the walls, which are made out of sun-baked clay bricks, they were not made in kilns like nowadays. The frames of windows and doors were made from wood. Some roofs were flat and others were covered in sun-baked clay tiles it just depended on the weather or personal preference. The walls of the houses were plastered (or stucco was used) just like we do now, but sometimes the outside was done too. The floors were hard, beaten earth, or flagged with stone slabs or tiles. ...read more.


The first rooms that you would come to as you entered were the men's quarters or the Andron, as seen on page 5, diagram (a). This contained a large dinning-room, a master guest room and some guest rooms. The walls of the rooms were often decorated with paintings of gardens and trees and the floors were decorated with mosaics, most represented mythological scenes framed in complicated borders. For decoration flowers were hung on the walls as well as long streamers of vine and ivy. If the owner was rich enough to have a room set aside as a bathroom, there would be a drain linking up with a drain from the Andron, and one from the latrine (usually placed in the courtyard), discharging into a common drain in the street, but it was not very often that people had enough money to do this. Some houses had large stone terracotta baths in their bathrooms, shaped rather like the font in a church today. As there was no drainage there were special officials whose job it was to keep the city clean or sometimes the slaves did it. ...read more.


The Greek coach often had a headboard and a low footboard, which looked like a modern bed. The mattress was placed on a frame of cords similar to that seen on the Klismos. To us the rooms would look bare and empty because there wasn't much furniture in them. They looked after there furniture very carefully and only brought it out on special accessions such as dinner parties. There were two reasons for this, firstly there was a lot of dust from the roads because they weren't paved like nowadays and secondly every piece of furniture was hand made by the slaves so there was never apiece that was the same as another, they were unique. Most of the furniture was dual purpose and some pieces stacked together. At dinner parties they laid down on coaches round the table using their arms to prop them up. The tables only had three legs so that they could stand on any surface. The lamps used were small round containers with an opening in the middle for pouring the oil, a spout at one end for the wick and a handle at the other end. - 1 - ...read more.

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