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What are fabrics?

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What are fabrics? All fabrics are created from tiny hair-like fibers. These can be less than an inch in length or long, strands that goes on and on. These fibers are mixed by twisting them together making a yarn. The yarns are woven , knitted or they are ironed onto the fabric. Manufactured Fibers Manufactured fibers are made from raw substances through being processed in factories. They are not fabrics that are made from natural sources. In the year 1910, rayon was the first man-made fabric that was commercially produced in the United States of America. It was created from a fibrous substance that is found in all forms of plant life. The first fiber made that was made completely from chemicals was nylon. Nylon was commercially made in the year 1939. Since then, a wide variety of man-made fibers have been made. Man -made fibers are placed into two groups according to their composition and characteristics . These two groups are cellulosic and non-cellulosic fibers. Cellulosic fibes are made of a fibrous substance that is found in plants. Non- cellulosic fibers are made completely with chemicals only. ...read more.


Many satin fabrics are not wrinkle resistant and do not conceal stains very well. Knit Fabrics Knit fabrics are made by interlacing loops of a continuous length of yarn to create a ribbed fabric . This makes a fabric which is able to stretch and maintain it's normal shape. Stretch fabrics are really for active wear such as sports wear . The types of yarn and knitting methods can vary greatly in knit fabrics. Fabrics can be thin and smooth with a high amount of stretch as in T-shirt fabric. . They can be more textured and stable as in double knit. The majority of the knits prevents wrinkles, usually, the more textured the knit fabrics, the more it prevents wrinkles. Knits are fairly easy to sew, although care must be taken to allow for knitted fabric to stretch. Fabric Bends Often, two or more fabrics will be spun , woven or knitted to each other. The fabrics which are made from this are called blends. Manufactured blends fiber together to make fabrics with the most desirable characteristics. Fabric Finishes Fabric finishes are treatments that are used to change the texture, appearance , or display of the fabric. ...read more.


Fabric texture can be soft or crisp, smooth or nubby, and dull or glossy. Each texture makes a different impression . Fabric Patterns Pattern decorations on fabrics are made by color, lines, shape and spaces. There are many different variety of fabrics ; stripes, plaids, geometrics, florals, scenics ,borders, etc. Just to name a few. The decoration can be large, small, even or even , light or dark , spaced or clustered , muted or bold. All will affect how the fabric suits looks on you. Fabric patterns; just like texture , can make illusions in design. Small designs in subdued colors usually lowers apparent size. Larger overall designs increase the size. Widely spaced motifs make you look larger than you really are. Prints with big curves give a feeling of added roundness and size. When choosing striped or plaid fabrics, follow the main theory of line and illusion .Select prints , stripes and plaids that are in scale, or in proportional size with your own body size. Small designs/decorations look better on a small, to average person, but they appear out of place and lost on a large figure. On the other hand, large designs are best worn by the average to tall person a these designs can overwhelm a small figure. ...read more.

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