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When looking at one of the last perspectives we have examined, the behaviorist perspective, we can notice that all the focus is on the behavior which us humans exhibit.

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Take Home Essay Aziz Khabirpour May 27th When looking at one of the last perspectives we have examined, the behaviorist perspective, we can notice that all the focus is on the behavior which us humans exhibit. Behaviorism excluded the mental processes a human would have, saying that it is irrelevant what we are thinking. It is our actions which determine who we are and how we behave. This perspective paid no attention to what Carl Rogers calls the 'mental realm'. Carl Rogers, born in 1902 became the leading figure in the field of 'Humanism'. Humanist psychology is an approach that 'emphasizes personal growth and the achievement of human potential, rather than the scientific understanding and assessment of behavior'. Ironically, humanist theorists such as Rogers rejected the behaviorist point of view, and used the mental realm as their starting point for all their research. It wasn't that they paid no attention the behavior which humans exhibit, however the origin of the ideas are based upon a 'mental' viewpoint. At this point, any educated psychology student would draw a connection between psychoanalysis and humanism. Yet, even though they both have the same center point around which they revolve their theories, there are a few crucial differences between the two. ...read more.


One thing Rogers states is, "People - all people - want to be genuine." This means that every person is in search of authenticity and integrity. In therapy, Rogers would tell the individual to lay down all facades they carry. He would tell the patient to move away from the 'false self'- the self that one is not, and come in congruence with your true self. For me personally that would mean several things. At first, I would have to identify my facades. I would observe weather I do certain things to gain attention or recognition by anyone, or if I do them because it is really me. After having done some self-reflection, I realize that I use facades quite frequently. And mostly in cases where they benefit me. For example, when I want to A second aspect throughout these therapeutic stages would be the banishing of 'oughts'. This means that we stop doing things because we think that in another person's opinion what we are doing is correct. To stop doing something simply because it seems right. One should quit adapting the standards of other people into ones own life, and by that, stop fulfilling other people's values. For me personally this implies many things. ...read more.


One criticism I have, is however that it is often difficult to realize what parts of ones self are facades, and which parts are actually real. Often, one may think that a part of them is just a 'mask'; where in fact it is actually a whole part of the persons 'self'. In that case the individual would do more damage removing this fa´┐Żade, than he would gain benefit from it. The next issue discussed was to drop the 'oughts'. Before evaluation this, it is important to note that in humanism, it is assumed that the human being is innately a 'good' being. If this is a true assumption then dropping 'oughts' in ones live is not a problem. If however we find that this is a false assumption, it puts that to risk since we wouldn't know weather what we want to do is 'good' or 'bad'. The last criticism I would like to state is one concerning the last therapeutic process mention. Where you ignore expectations of other people... Personally I believe that, even though humanists argue this does not lead us to becoming selfish people, this therapeutic step creates a form of egocentrism, weather one wants it or not. Simply due to the fact that throughout the whole time you are very self centered and don't pay much attention to your surroundings. ...read more.

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