• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

When looking at one of the last perspectives we have examined, the behaviorist perspective, we can notice that all the focus is on the behavior which us humans exhibit.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Take Home Essay Aziz Khabirpour May 27th When looking at one of the last perspectives we have examined, the behaviorist perspective, we can notice that all the focus is on the behavior which us humans exhibit. Behaviorism excluded the mental processes a human would have, saying that it is irrelevant what we are thinking. It is our actions which determine who we are and how we behave. This perspective paid no attention to what Carl Rogers calls the 'mental realm'. Carl Rogers, born in 1902 became the leading figure in the field of 'Humanism'. Humanist psychology is an approach that 'emphasizes personal growth and the achievement of human potential, rather than the scientific understanding and assessment of behavior'. Ironically, humanist theorists such as Rogers rejected the behaviorist point of view, and used the mental realm as their starting point for all their research. It wasn't that they paid no attention the behavior which humans exhibit, however the origin of the ideas are based upon a 'mental' viewpoint. At this point, any educated psychology student would draw a connection between psychoanalysis and humanism. Yet, even though they both have the same center point around which they revolve their theories, there are a few crucial differences between the two. ...read more.

Middle

One thing Rogers states is, "People - all people - want to be genuine." This means that every person is in search of authenticity and integrity. In therapy, Rogers would tell the individual to lay down all facades they carry. He would tell the patient to move away from the 'false self'- the self that one is not, and come in congruence with your true self. For me personally that would mean several things. At first, I would have to identify my facades. I would observe weather I do certain things to gain attention or recognition by anyone, or if I do them because it is really me. After having done some self-reflection, I realize that I use facades quite frequently. And mostly in cases where they benefit me. For example, when I want to A second aspect throughout these therapeutic stages would be the banishing of 'oughts'. This means that we stop doing things because we think that in another person's opinion what we are doing is correct. To stop doing something simply because it seems right. One should quit adapting the standards of other people into ones own life, and by that, stop fulfilling other people's values. For me personally this implies many things. ...read more.

Conclusion

One criticism I have, is however that it is often difficult to realize what parts of ones self are facades, and which parts are actually real. Often, one may think that a part of them is just a 'mask'; where in fact it is actually a whole part of the persons 'self'. In that case the individual would do more damage removing this fa´┐Żade, than he would gain benefit from it. The next issue discussed was to drop the 'oughts'. Before evaluation this, it is important to note that in humanism, it is assumed that the human being is innately a 'good' being. If this is a true assumption then dropping 'oughts' in ones live is not a problem. If however we find that this is a false assumption, it puts that to risk since we wouldn't know weather what we want to do is 'good' or 'bad'. The last criticism I would like to state is one concerning the last therapeutic process mention. Where you ignore expectations of other people... Personally I believe that, even though humanists argue this does not lead us to becoming selfish people, this therapeutic step creates a form of egocentrism, weather one wants it or not. Simply due to the fact that throughout the whole time you are very self centered and don't pay much attention to your surroundings. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Reviews of Personal Performances section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Reviews of Personal Performances essays

  1. Explore Carl Rogers core conditions and how these effect the personality change in a ...

    2000: 34. An empathic therapist is so much inside the world of the client that he or she can clarify not only the feelings of which the client is aware but even those they are not aware. An empathic therapist must try and step into the shoes of the

  2. "Explain the meaning of authority in relation to the public services"Authority:This can be defined ...

    involved not to comment on the facts of the case and so this will not form part of our investigation. Nick Hardwick, Chair of the IPCC, said: "Neither we nor Jean Charles' family want this complaint to distract us from the main task of finding out how and why Jean Charles died.

  1. What are the critical differences between content and process theories in motivation?

    a person may try to change their pay without changing their input. -Cognitive distortion of inputs and outcomes - e.g. people might try to distort their inputs or outputs to achieve the result. -Leaving the field - e.g. a person might try to find a new situation rather than try to restore the problem -Acting on others - e.g.

  2. In this essay I will explore Carl Rogers core conditions and how these effect ...

    For me Empathy is something that is felt on a very deep level and is the counsellor's ability to sense the client's world the way the client does and to convey that understanding. "When a counsellor is empathic it means that she is capable of understanding in the very deepest sense."

  1. one to one communication interaction

    I thought I would offer Mr A a drink at this point so I asked him what he would like to drink. Mr A answered 'tea', so I went and made him a cup of tea. After he had finished the tea he stood up and made his way to the kitchen with his cup.

  2. Describe two of the following psychological approaches: the psychodynamic perspective, the cognitive perspective, the ...

    The person may have bad memories that relate to the cause of malingering. To treat malingering using the cognitive approach you would have to find out about the person's past experiences and things they dealt with growing up. You would have to get the person to change the way they

  1. In this essay I will be looking at two books based on Carl Rogers ...

    approach in a very simple easy to read manner, which as a first year diploma student I feel will find invaluable. I next looked at the chapter on Empathy, I feel the way Mearns and Thorne have approached this core condition is excellent, I found the Empathy scale developed by (Truax and Carkhuff )

  2. Homelessness production essay

    He buys her drinks and takes her up on to the balcony where they are alone; he tells her she is beautiful and he likes her; he then kisses her and she is besotted by him. She has never had any attention from the opposite sex before and everything he says to her is like magic.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work